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    May 15, 1840

    VOL. I. BOSTON, NO. 4

    Joshua V. Himes

    Relating To
    The Second Coming of Christ.

    “The Time is at Hand.”



    Is published on the 1st and 3.1 Wednesday of each month, making twenty-four numbers in a volume; to which a title-page and index will be added.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.1



    One Dollar a year—always in advance. Persons sending five dollars without expense to the publishers, shall receive six copies; and for ten dollars, thirteen copies to one address. No subscription taken for less than one year.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.2

    Directions.—All communications designed for the Signs of the Times, should be directed, post paid, to the editor, J. V. HIMES, Boston, Mass. All letters on business should be addressed to the publishers, DOW & JACKSON, No. 14 Devonshire Street, Boston.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.3

    Back numbers can be sent to those who subscribe soon.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.4


    No Authorcode

    “Can ye not discern the signs of the times.”

    BOSTON, MAY 15, 1840.




    “Comparing spiritual things with spirtual,“HST May 15, 1840, page 25.5

    The following letter was written by Mr. Miller to some friends at Watertown, who have kindly furnished us a copy for publication. We very cheerfully insert it, with the hope that it may do much good. The question may arise, from the following rules of interpretation, whether the common people have the right to interpret the Bible for themselves. It is well known that this right is not acknowledged by the Catholic church. Some Protestant churches grant the right to read, but do not acknowledge the right of the people to interpret it for themselves. Search or not search, read or not read, THE SENSE IS FIXED,—it is at the peril of their preferment to VARY. Let those who would read and understand the word of God for themselves, count the cost. We would cite all such for their encouragement to one command, John 5:39. “Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life; and they are they which testi-fy of me.” And one example, Acts 17:11. “These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily whether those things were so.” “Let him that readeth understand.” Ed.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.6

    Watertown, April 20th, 1840.

    Dear Brother Himes,—We received a long letter from father Miller last week, a part of which he requested us to send to you. The whole was very good, but the subjoined is all that was not personal.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.7

    “I agreed to furnish you with my rules by which to read and understand the Bible.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.8

    1. Every word must have its proper bearing on the subject presented in the Bible. Proof.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.9

    Matthew 5:8. Blessed are the pure in heart for they shall see God.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.10

    2. All scripture is necessary, and may be understood by a diligent application and study.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.11

    2 Timothy 3:15. And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation, through faith which is in Christ Jesus.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.12

    16. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness;HST May 15, 1840, page 25.13

    17. That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.14

    3. Nothing revealed in the scripture can or will be hid from those who ask in faith, not wavering.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.15

    Deuteronomy 29:29. The secret things belong unto the Lord our God; but those things which are revealed belong unto us, and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.16

    Matthew 10:26. Fear them not, therefore; for there is nothing covered that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.17

    27. What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light; and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the house-tops.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.18

    1 Corinthians 2:10. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit; for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.19

    Philippians 3:15. Let us, therefore, as many as he perfect, be thus minded; and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.20

    Isaiah 45:11. Thus saith the Lord, the holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons; and concerning the work of my hands command ye me.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.21

    Matthew 21:22. And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.22

    John 14:13. And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.23

    14. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.24

    15:7. If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.25

    James 1:5. If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall he given him.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.26

    6. But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering: for he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind, and tossed.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.27

    1 John 5:13. These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God, that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.28

    14. And this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:HST May 15, 1840, page 25.29

    15. And if we know that he hear us, whatsoever we ask, we know that we have the petitions that we desired of him.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.30

    4. To understand doctrine, bring all the scriptures together on the subject you wish to know, then let every word have its proper influence, and if you can form your theory without a contradiction, you cannot be in an error.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.31

    Isaiah 28:7-29.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.32

    Also, 35:8. And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called, The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those: the way-faring men, though fools, shall not err therein.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.33

    Proverbs 19:27. Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that causeth to err from the words of knowledge.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.34

    Luke 24:27. And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.35

    44. And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the Psalms, concerning me.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.36

    45. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.37

    Romans 16:26. But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith,)HST May 15, 1840, page 25.38

    James 5:19 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth and one convert him;HST May 15, 1840, page 25.39

    2 Peter 1:19. We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, an unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts:HST May 15, 1840, page 25.40

    20. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.41

    5. Scripture must be its own expositor, since it is a rule of itself. If I depend on a teacher to expound it to me, and he should guess at its meaning, or desire to have it so on account of his sectarian creed, or to be thought wise, gives me his wisdom, then his guessing, desire, creed, or wisdom is my rule, not the Bible.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.42

    Psalm 19:7. The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.43

    8. The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes;HST May 15, 1840, page 25.44

    9. The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for ever; the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.45

    10. More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold; sweeter also than honey, and the honey-comb.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.46

    11. Moreover by them is thy servant warned; and in keeping of them there is great reward.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.47

    119:97. O how love 1 thy law! it is my meditation all the day.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.48

    98. Thou, through thy commandments, hast made me wiser than mine enemies; for they are ever with me.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.49

    99. I have more understanding than all my teachers; for thy testimonies are my meditation.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.50

    100. I understand more than the ancients, because I keep thy precepts.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.51

    101. I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I might keep thy word.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.52

    102. I have not departed from thy judgments: for thou hast taught me.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.53

    103. How sweet are thy words unto my taste! yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth!HST May 15, 1840, page 25.54

    104. Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.55

    105. Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.56

    Matthew 23:8. But be not ye called Rabbi; for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.57

    9. And call no man your father upon the earth; for one is your Father, which is in heaven.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.58

    10. Neither be ye called masers; for one is your Master even Christ.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.59

    1 Corinthians 2:12. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.60

    13. Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.61

    14. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.62

    15. But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he him-self is judged of no man.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.63

    16. For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? but we have the mind of Christ.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.64

    Ezekiel 34:18. Seemeth it a small thing unto you to have eaten, up the good pasture, but ye must tread down with your feet the residue of your pastures? and to have drunk of the deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.65

    19. And as for my flock, they eat that which ye have trod den with your feel; and they drink that which ye have fouled with your feet.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.66

    Luke 11:52. Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge; ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.67

    Malachi 2:7. For the priest’s lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth; for he is the messenger of the Lord of hosts.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.68

    8. But ye are departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the Lord of hosts.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.69

    6. God has revealed things to come by visions, in figures and parables, and in this way the same things are often-time revealed again and again, by different visions, or in different figures, and parables. If you wish to understand them you must combine them all in one.HST May 15, 1840, page 25.70

    Psalm 89:19. Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy One, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.1

    Hosea 12:10. I have also spoken by the prophets; and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.2

    Habakkuk 2:2. And the Lord answered me, and said, Write the vision and make it plain upon tables, that he may run that readeth it.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.3

    Acts 2:17. And it shall come to pass in the last days, (saith God,) I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophecy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.4

    1 Corinthians 10:6, Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.5

    Hebrews 9:9. Which was a figure for the time then present: in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.6

    24. For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:HST May 15, 1840, page 26.7

    Psalm 78:2. I will open my mouth in a parable; I will utter dark sayings of old;HST May 15, 1840, page 26.8

    Matthew 13:13. Therefore speak I to them in parables; because they seeing, see not, and hearing, they hear not; neither do they understand.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.9

    34. All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them:HST May 15, 1840, page 26.10

    Genesis 41:1-32.
    Daniel 2, 7 and 8.
    Acts 10:9-16.

    7. Visions are always mentioned as such.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.11

    2 Corinthians 12:1. It is not expedient for me, doubtless to glory; I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.12

    8. Figures always have a figurative meaning, and are used much in prophecy, to represent future things, times and events, such as mountains meaning governments, beasts meaning kingdoms.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.13

    Daniel 2:35. Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.14

    44. And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.15

    Also. 7:8. I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots and behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.16

    17. These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.17

    Waters meaning people.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.18

    Revelation 17:1. And there came one of the seven angels, which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me Come hither; I will show unto thee judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters:HST May 15, 1840, page 26.19

    15. and he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.20

    Lamp meaning Word of God.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.21

    Psalm 119:105. Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.22

    Day meaning year.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.23

    9. Parables are used as comparisons to illustrate subjects, and must be explained in the same way as figures by the subject and Bible. Mark 4:13. See explanation of the ten virgins, Miller’s Lectures, No. xvi.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.24

    10. Figures sometimes have two or more different significations, as day is used in a figurative sense to represent three different periods of time.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.25

    1. Indefinite as inHST May 15, 1840, page 26.26

    Ecclesiastes 7:14. In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should had nothing after him.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.27

    2. Definite, a day for a year, as inHST May 15, 1840, page 26.28

    Ezekiel 4:6. And when thou hast accomplished them lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed the each day for a year.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.29

    3. Day for a thousand years.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.30

    2 Peter 3:8, But beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.31

    If you put on the right construction it will harmonize with the Bible and make good sense, otherwise it will not.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.32

    11. How to know when a word is used figuratively. If it makes good sense as it stands, and does no violence to the simple laws of nature, then it must be understood literally, if not, figuratively.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.33

    Revelation 12:1, 2. And there appeared a great wonder in neaven, a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:HST May 15, 1840, page 26.34

    2. And the, being with child, cried travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.35

    Also, 17:3-7.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.36

    12. To learn the true meaning of figures, trace your figurative word through your Bible, and where you find it explained, put it on your figure, and if it makes good sense you need look no further, if not, look again.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.37

    13. To know whether we have the true historical event, for the fulfilment of a prophecy. If you find every word of the prophecy (after the figures are understood) is literally fulfilled, then you may know that your history is the true event. But if one word lacks a fulfilment, then you must look for another event, or wait its future development. For God takes care that history and prophecy doth agree, so that the true believing children of God may never be ashamed.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.38

    Psalm 22:5. They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.39

    Isaiah 14:17. But Israel shall be saved in the Lord with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded, world without end.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.40

    18. For thus saith the Lord that created the heavens, God himself that formed the earth and made it, he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the Lord, and there is none else.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.41

    19. I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth; I said not unto the seed of Jacob, seek ye me in vain: the Lord spake righteousness, I declare things that are right.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.42

    1 Peter 2:6. Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Zion a chief corner-stone, elect, precious; and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.43

    Revelation 17:17. For God hath put in their hearts to fulfill his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.44

    Acts 3:18. But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.45

    14. The most important rule of all is, that you must have faith. It must be a faith that requires a sacrifice, and, if tried, would give up the dearest object on earth, the world and all its desires, character, living, occupation, friends, home, comforts, and worldly honors. If any of these should hinder our believing any part of God’s word, it would show our faith to be vain. Nor can we ever believe so long as one of these motives lays lurking in our hearts. We must believe that God will never forfeit His word. And we can have confidence that he that takes notice of the sparrow, and numbers the hairs of our head, will guard the translation of His own word, and throw a barrier around it, and prevent those who sincerely trust in God, and put implicit confidence in his word, from erring far from the truth, though they may not understand Hebrew or Greek.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.46

    These are some of the most important rules which I find the word of God warrants me to adopt and follow, in order for system and regularity. And if I am not greatly deceived, in so doing, I have found the Bible, as a whole, one of the most simple, plain and intelligible books ever written, containing proof in itself of its divine origin, and full of all knowledge that heart or soul could wish to know or enjoy. I have found it a treasure which the world cannot purchase. It gives a calm peace in believing, and a firm hope in the future. It sustains the mind in adversity, and teaches us to be humble in prosperity. It prepares us to love and do good to others, and the value of the soul to realize. It makes us bold and valient for the truth, and nerves the arm to oppose error. It gives us a powerful weapon to break down infidelity, and makes known the only antidote for sin. It instructs us how death will be conquered, and how the bonds of the tomb must be broken. It tells us of future events, and shows the preparation necessary to meet them. It gives us an opportunity to hold conversation with the king of kings, and reveals the best code of laws ever enacted.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.47

    This is but a faint view of its value, yet how many perishing souls treat it with neglect, or what is equally as bad, treat it as a hidden mystery which cannot be known. Oh, my brother and sister, make it your chief study. Try it well, and you will find it all I have said. Yes, like the Queen of Sheba, you will say the half was not told you.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.48

    * * * * * * *

    The divinity taught in our schools is always founded on some sectarian creed. It may do to take a blank mind and impress it with this kind, but it will always end in bigotry. A free mind will never be satisfied with the views of others. Were I a teacher of youth in divinity, I would first learn their capacity, and mind. If these were good, I would make them study bible for themselves, and send them out free to do the world good. But if they had no mind, I would stamp them with another’s mind, write bigot on their forehead, and send them out as slaves.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.49



    The Monthly Miscellany for May contains an article headed “Predictions of the End of the World” signed F. P. and was no doubt written by Francis Parkman, D. D. of this city. The article is well written, and gives a partial account of the false prophets that have arisen at different times since the ascension of Christ. The object of the writer seems to be, to associate Mr. Miller, (although his name is not mentioned) with the Fanatics of past ages. To meet Mr. Miller’s arguments, and overthrow them, and present a better system, is a task that the Doctors of this age have carefully avoided, it being an easier task and more congenial with their feellings to sneer at Mr. M. and his book, and class him with the fanatical or insane.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.50

    We give to our readers the Doctor’s closing paragraph, in which he admits all we contend for; that whoever reads the ancient prophecies may understand them. Let him carry out the principle, and he will be saved from the necessity of contradicting himself, by assuring us that we know nothing of what remains of the prophecies to be fulfilled after all; It being for the “glory of God to conceal a matter”! If “much remains” to be fulfilled, then we ask how much? If he will tell us how much, and what, we shall be very glad to give the information to our readers. If he does not know how much remains to be completed, how does he know that anything remains.HST May 15, 1840, page 26.51

    “That much remains to be done before ancient prophecy is completed, whoever reads may understand. That the world will continue and generations succeed after we have left it, we may be assured. How long, or how many, this shall be, is with the secret things that belong to God, “whose glory it is to conceal a matter.” and whose wisdom and kindness are displayed alike in what he has revealed and in what he has hidden. Only “the things that are revealed belong to us and to our children,”—that we may do them.”HST May 15, 1840, page 27.1



    The idea of the literal return of the Jews to the land of Palestine has, of late, been seriously questioned by several writers; among whom is the Rev. Wm. Scott, (a Wesleyan Methodist) of the Canada Conference. He has published a long and able article on this subject in the Methodist Magazine of Oct. 1839, and continued in the April No. 1840. He sums up the matter as follows:HST May 15, 1840, page 27.2

    “The sum of what has been said on the prophecies relating to the literal gathering of the Jews, is as follows:—An opinion very generally prevails, that the descendants of Abraham shall, from the various nations in which they now dwell, return to Palestine, commonly called their own land. But, on examination, it is found—HST May 15, 1840, page 27.3

    First, That all the predictions respecting the return of the Jews to their own land were delivered before the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities, and refer to those events.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.4

    Secondly, That the return of a vast body of the Israelites to Judea, after the proclamation of Cyrus, was the fulfilment of those prophecies, as far as they can be understood literally; and this was the understanding of the prophets who flourished during that temporal restoration.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.5

    Thirdly, That those parts of the prophecies relating to the restoration of Israel which have been explained literally, but which it is asserted could not have been fulfilled in the return of the Jews from the land of the north, will be graciously accomplished when “they shall look upon him whom they have pierced,” and seek an evangelical Canaan—a “glorious rest,” in and through his atoning blood.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.6

    Fourthly, That, beyond all contradiction, no single prophecy respecting a return to their own land was delivered to the Jews subsequent to the events of which we have spoken—namely, their restoration under Cyrus.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.7

    The conclusion; therefore is, that the literal return of the Jews to their own land, or Judea, as a national event, is past and not future; and every assumption to the contrary is based upon a false interpretation of prophecy, and will not be realized.”HST May 15, 1840, page 27.8

    We shall give further extracts from this important article at a future time.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.9



    It was recently stated in the Lutheran Observer, that there have been admitted to the various Churches in Baltimore within a few months, about 3000 Souls.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.10

    The discussion between Brs. Litch and Jones, is necessarily put over to the next No.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.11

    Mr. Miller is now delivering a course of Lectures in Rev. Mr. Walter’s church, corner of Broom and Norfolk Sts. city of New York.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.12

    If any subscriber does not receive his paper regularly, we hope he will inform us, that we may endeavor to find out the reason. We would recommend to subscribers out of the city to have their papers sent by mail. The additional expense is a mere trifle, and they would then receive every one. D. & J.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.13



    “But will show thee what is noted in the Scripture of truth.”HST May 15, 1840, page 27.14

    For the Signs of the Times.



    Mr. Editor:—I perceive by your last No. that Bro. Litch, like Bro. Miller, confounds the true vision of Daniel, and consequently blend the little horn of the third beast with the little horn of the fourth beast. I hope in some future number of the Signs of the Times to be able to show them their error. In this article, I wish merely to make a few remarks upon the 12th chapter of Daniel, which is the winding up of his evening vision.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.15

    In the 11th chapter we have the close of the morning vision of Daniel, in the destruction of the little horn of the goat, or the eastern Anti-Christ, and the consequent return of the Jews, to commence the cleansing of the sanctuary; but in ch. 12. the predicted close of all earthly affairs. In the several chapters which predicts the events of the morning vision, Daniel no where alludes to the millenial reign of Christ, or the scenes of the judgment or general resurrection. These are all brought to view in the 2, 7, and 12 chapters which belong to the evening vision. It is abundantly evident that the prophecies of Daniel are arranged under two great divisions, the first embracing the four great empires, covering the whole time of 2520 years, the other embracing the two middle empires, in their several stages and modifications, existing 2300 years. The first includes the whole period of the Jew’s dispersion, the other embraces only the period from the cleansing of the second temple, to the first preparation for the cleansing of the millenial sanctuary.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.16

    There is no intimation, therefore, given by Daniel, that the fulness of the Gentiles will come in at the end of the 2300 years, but at the end of the three times and a half and the destruction of the papal horn of the fourth beast and empire. He clearly predicts that event, as may be, in the 2nd and 7th chapters, and all particulars in the 12th.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.17

    Chap. 12. And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time; and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.18

    This time of trouble will be general, both to Jews and Christians, and will probably continue, more or less, from the destruction of the eastern Anti-Christ, to the slaying of the witnesses, and the downfall of the papal Anti-Christ. We are every where taught in the prophecies, that unparalleled troubles await the wicked world just before the millenial reign of the saints, and also at the close of the millenium, just before the general resurrection and judgment day, wicked men and devils will have a short time to manifest their opposition to Christ. These two periods of trouble to the saints and terror to the wicked are in this verse viewed at a single glance, together with the resurrection and judgment of the righteous and the wicked.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.19

    Michael signifies “who is like God?” And this name, with the title of the “great Prince who stands for the children of thy people,” clearly points out Christ, who is the judge of quick and dead.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.20

    2. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.21

    3. And they that be wise, shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness, as the stars for ever and ever.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.22

    The meaning of these passages is so perfectly obvious, as to require no comment. The general resurrection ends the series of events predicted from the time of Daniel to the close of the millenial reign of the church on earth.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.23

    After the termination of the fourth kingdom, as Daniel tells us, in chap. 7:18, the “saints of the Most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.” This was not done at the termination of the third beast with Mohamedism, but will be done immediately after the destruction of the fourth. Also chap. 2:44, when the first outline of this vision was closed, at the destruction of the image, it is said, “And in the days of these kings, shall the God of Heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed, and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all other kidgdoms, and it shall stand forever.”HST May 15, 1840, page 27.24

    The nature, therefore, of this millenial kingdom of Christ, will be everlasting, and not “given to other people”—it will not change hands like the four great empires just described, but being established over all the inhabitants, (as the “mountain is to fill the whole earth,”) it will embrace the general resurrection and judgment, and stand forever after the earth is renovated by fire. The resurrection of those who are not the subjects of this kingdom, will be only to “shame and everlasting contempt,” while the eternal felicity of those who have “turned many to righteousness” is denoted by the most beautiful figure,—“They shall shine as the brightness of the firmament, and as the stars forever and ever.”HST May 15, 1840, page 27.25

    Two recent works on the subject of prophecy, productions of the Boston Press, are matters of some curiosity. The first is entitled “Miller Overthrown, or the Fasle prophets confounded,” written by one who styles himsef A Cosmopolite, a Roman Catholic in sentiment. The other is entitled “Miller’s Theory Utterly Exploded,” written by Otis A. Skinner, a Universalist preacher. The first holds that all the prophecies of Daniel were fulfilled in Antiochus Epiphanes, the other that all the prophecies of both the Old and New Testament were completely fulfilled at the destruction of Jerusalem. After they have “overthrown” and “exploded” Mr Miller and his theory, they will have nothing to do but to “explode” one another. Some instruction can be derived, even from such works as these.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.26

    The “time of trouble.” (1, verse) by the last named writer, is considered as entirely fulfilled upon the Jews at the destruction of Jerusalem. Christ said to his disciples in reference to that event—When ye, therefore, shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth let him understand,) then let them which be in Judea flee into the mountains; for then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.—Matthew 24:15, 16, 21.HST May 15, 1840, page 27.27

    This is Strong language certainly, and is quoted from Daniel almost verbatim. But it presents no difficulty to the liberal minded reader, who is familiar with the prophetical scriptures. We are only to keep in mind the fact so often alluded to in these Illustrations, that prophecy receives a fulfilment in the type as well as it consumnation in the anti-type. To understand the force of the language of Christ in reference to Jerusalem, the reader must turn to the account of the destruction of that city, by Josephus.HST May 15, 1840, page 28.1

    In my next, with your leave, Mr. Editor, I shall speak of the “seven times” captivity of the Jews.HST May 15, 1840, page 28.2

    David cambell.


    No Authorcode

    “How can ye believe that receive honor one of another.”



    Reply to Rev. J. D. Bridge

    Mr. Editor.—Please insert in The Signs of the Times, the following article from Zion’s Herald of March 25, together with the appended remarks.HST May 15, 1840, page 28.3

    The Judgment Day in 1843


    Mr. Editor—I am not in the least disposed to open a controversy with any one on this subject, but merely to express a few of my thoughts on the dangerous tendency of Mr. Miller’s and Bro. Litch’s theory respecting the “Second Coming of Christ,” and concisely show what I deem its incompatibility with the economy of Divine revelation, and the word of God as recorded in the Bible. As others have said in the Herald, I believe, so I say. It appears to me that the theory that Christ will come the second time in 1843, that the resurrection of the saints and the judgment will then take place, tends ultimately to the darkest and most destructive infidelity.HST May 15, 1840, page 28.4

    1. Br. Litch and Mr. Miller both are very sanguine and confident in the assertion and propagation of their novel and peculiar views on this momentous subject. How it is with Mr. Miller I cannot say; but Br. L. does not seem so much as to entertain a doubt respecting the truth of his doctrine, or hardly to suppose it possible that the events of 1843 may anihilate the fair fabric of prophetical exposition, which, with so much research and labor, he has been rearing. Such, I believe, will be the fact—yet these well-meaning and Christian brethren as firmly believe the contrary; they believe, no doubt, that their’s is the true exposition of prophecy. But supposing they live till 1843 and see that years pass away without any resurrection of the saints, or any appearance of the “great white throne,” in the clouds of heaven—what will be the effect produced on their own minds? Certainly they must be very humble, teachable, implicit believers in the Bible still to claim that it contains a true revelation of the will of God! And then what an amount of mortification, must accumulate upon them! Can they endure it? It will be very singular indeed, if, in the circumstances supposed, they do not reason with themselves in this manner. Mine was the true sense and exposition of the prophetic part of the Bible; but these predictions have not been fulfilled; therefore they have no foundation in truth! They will be likely to go farther than this, and say—The prophecies are as true as any part of the Bible; but time and matter of fact have proved them false; therefore the Bible does not contain the truth of God. Thus they are launched upon the stormy sea of doubt and uncertainty,—are thrown into the whirling eddies of skepticism and infidelity! And so of the converts to their faith. Tossed and torn from their moorings in the safe harbor of Christian revelation, they will be driven before the roaring tempest of unbridled passions until they make the dreary coast of eternal despair!HST May 15, 1840, page 28.5

    2. The theory of Mr. Miller and Br. Litch, once proved to be false, and that by the ordinary passing away of 1843, and the hands of infidels are strengthened in an unprecedented manner in New England. They are, if I mistake not, now ready to admit that the Bible teaches what Miller affirms of the events of 1843; but when the revolutions of that year show incontestibly that these things have not come to pass, infidels will ask with the emphasis of thunder,—“Where is now the Christian’s God and the Christian’s Bible?” We do not—we cannot—we have no right to expect any other result! Whatever may now be the effect produced by Mr. Miller’s preaching the advocacy of his peculiar dogmas through the medium of the pulpit and the press, yet all sober minded persons cannot but calculate on a most fearful re-action by and by. A scorning, scoffing world, will by and by point us to the Judgment of 1843, in which “all things remained” as they were before! And what shall we then say? How will Mr. Miller and Br. Litch then answer the triumphing and marshalled hosts of infidels, whose mighty tread will rock the land? Surely these erring hrethren have assumed a most fearful responsibility,—and they alone must bear it! But I will leave this view of the subject, and briefly show that their theory is incompatible with the economy of revelation.HST May 15, 1840, page 28.6

    1. “Secret things belong to God;” and the time of the resurrection of the dead and the session of the judgment must be reckoned among the “secret things” which God knows, and which no other being can know but God. Matthew 24:36. “But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.” Verse 42. “Watch, therefore, for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.” Verse 44. “Therefore be ye also ready; for in such an hour as ye think not, the Son of Man cometh.”HST May 15, 1840, page 28.7

    1 Thessalonians 5:5, “For ye yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.” 2 Peter 3:10, “But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night.” Revelation 16:15, “Behold I come as a thief.”HST May 15, 1840, page 28.8

    These are Scripture representations of the ushering in of the day of judgment; and certainly if there is any meaning in language, these passages teach that the time when the Judgment shall set is veiled in impenetrated mistery. The “day” and the “hour” is not known to “man,” nor to the “angels” of God, but to the “Father only.” It will come as a “thief in the night,” therefore we are commanded to “watch,” “lest coming suddenly,” we be found “sleeping.”HST May 15, 1840, page 28.9

    2. All the revelation from God, in which we can safely repose confidence, is contained in the Bible; it will be hazardous, therefore, for us to lean upon the staff of a falliable exposition of an infalliable truth. Mr. Miller and. Bro. Litch cannot modestly lay claim to greater mathematical accuracy, or more theological acumen, or erudition than the great, the, wise, and the good, who have left behind them learned and copious commentaries on the Holy Scriptures; nor can I show how they can well know more about the prophecies than their predecessors in the work of exposition, unless some special revelation has been made of this I have no evidence.HST May 15, 1840, page 28.10

    How is it, then, that they confidently assert what God has not made plain, or publish a fact to occur in 1843 when the time of its occurrence is not known to the angels, and is represented in the Bible as being veiled in the deepest obscurity?HST May 15, 1840, page 28.11

    That there is to be a judgment of the “quick and dead,” I certainly believe; but when it will take place I do not know, because the time is not revealled to me; and yet I believe it is as well known to me as to Mr. M. or Bro. L. It may be that Christ will come in judgment in 1843—possibly before—and perhaps not for centuries to come, Let us “watch, therefore, for we know not what hour the Lord will come, whether at midnight, or at the cock-crowing, or in the morning.” “Happy is that servant, who, when his Lord cometh, he shall find so doing.”HST May 15, 1840, page 28.12

    J. D. Bridge.
    Duxbury, March, 1840.

    On the above, I wish to make some observations. And,
    1. Brother Bridge has paid quite a compliment, however unintentionally, to the theory he opposes. He says, “if he is not mistaken, infidels are now ready to admit that the Bible teaches what Miller affirms of the events of 1843.” But the conclusion that the events Mr. Miller teaches will take place in 1843, is deduced from a train of reasoning which proves incontestably the Divine authenticity of the Bible. For if those previous events have not been fulfilled, literally and truly, we have no evidence of the coming of Christ in 1843. To say therefore that infidels concede that the Bible teaches it, is admitting those prophecies to be demonstrated to have been fulfilled.
    HST May 15, 1840, page 28.13

    They cannot consistently admit that the Bible does teach that the judgment will take place in 1843, without admitting the truth of the previous prophecies.HST May 15, 1840, page 28.14

    2. He, says, also, “The theory once proved false, and the hands of infidels are strengthened in an unprecedented manner.” But why so? There have been expositions and calculations on the prophecies, which the passing away of time has proved incorrect; but can my brother point to one single infidel, and say, he was made such by the failure of such an exposition, or such a calculation on the prophecies? I have yet to be shown one such instance.HST May 15, 1840, page 28.15

    But their “hands will be strengthened in an unprecedented manner.” Why? There can be only one conceivable reason assigned, and that is, because the evidence of the truth and correctness of this theory is stronger than has ever before been presented to the world. If it is not, why will they be strengthened more than by other failures? It is on this ground and no other, that the theory can strengthen “the hands of infidels in an unprecedented manner,” or “tend ultimately to the darkest and most destructive infidelity.”HST May 15, 1840, page 28.16

    3.,,Brother L. does not seem so much as to entertain a doubt respecting the truth of his doctrine, or hardly to suppose it possible that the events of 1843 may anihilate the fair fabric of prophetical exposition which, with so much labor and research, he has been rearing.” True, “Brother L.” does not doubt the truth of his theory. But that “he hardly supposes it possible for it to fail” is only an assumption of Br. B.’s, without any evidence to stand upon. Has my beloved brother read the following from the preface of “Christ’s Second Coming?”HST May 15, 1840, page 28.17

    “All pretension to a spirit of prophecy, or to infalibility in the interpretation of prophecy, is utterly disclaimed. It has often been asked,—If the event does not come out as you believe, what will you then think? Will it not destroy your confidence in the Bible? To this it is replied, Not at all; for the writer has in the course of his research on this subject, seen so much that has been litterally fulfilled as predicted, that although all he has written on this subject should be proved to have been founded in ignorance, he cannot doubt but the prophecies have a meaning, and that they will in due time be fulfilled.”HST May 15, 1840, page 29.1

    4. But supposing they live to see 1843 pass away, without any resurrection, etc.; “what will be the effect on their minds?” I answer it is impossible for us to tell at this time, what the effect would be, because we make no pretention to a PROPHETIC SPIRIT. But if it does not come in 1843, we hope to wait patiently until it does come; for we feel fully persuaded that it cannot be far distant.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.2

    5. “They must certainly be very humble, teachable, and implicit believers in the Bible, still to claim that it contains a true revelation of the will of God.” Such I trust we shall be; for whatever may be the result of our calculations on those prophecies which relate to futurity, enough has already been demonstrated to have been fulfilled to settle our faith implicitly in the divine authenticity of the Bible. For of all the prophecies which relate to this subject, and which we conceive indicate the near approach of the judgment, nine tenths have already been fulfilled. And shall we give up the whole Bible, if the one tenth, yet unfulfilled does not come out as we anticipated? Will my brother tell me how the failure of the argument, that the 2300 days of Daniel 8:14 and the 70 weeks of Daniel 9:4, begun together, 457 years before Christ, and that each of those 2300 days stands for a year; and therefore will end in A. D.1843, when “the sanctuary will be cleansed,” can prove false or shake in any way the argument contained in Zion’s The Watchman, May 9, 1840, to prove the near approach of the resurrection? The most a failure of the resurrection in 1843 can do, is, to show either that our chronology is incorrect, or that the 70 weeks and 2300 days did not begin together. We are now satisfied that our chronological reckoning is correct; and also that these two periods began together; but a failure of the event would convince us of the incorrectness of one or the other of the above points.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.3

    6. What an amount of mortification must accumulate upon them! can they endure it?” But at what shall we be mortified; at having believed the Bible and on the strength of arguments which neither professor nor profane could prove false, believed that Bible to teach, what time alone could prove it did not teach? I trust that the same good Being who now gives us grace to bear with perfect composure the scoffs and assaults heaped on us, will, if ever we are called to such circumstances as anticipated by my brother, still vouchsafe grace equal to our day. But my master has taught me to do my present duty and take no thought for the morrow.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.4

    7. “Surely these erring brethren have assumed a most fearful responsibility,—and they alone must bear it. Nor have we any wish to shake off the responsibility which belongs to us. By the gyace of God we will strive to bear it.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.5

    But I ask, have our opponents assumed no “responsibility?” Have they nothing to fear of “mortification,” and confusion, if it prove true, that Christ comes in the clouds of heaven, in 1843? I leave them to reflect.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.6

    I now pass to Bro. B.’s evidence of the incompatibility of the theory with the economy of revelation.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.7

    1. “Secret things belong to God.” “The time of the resurrection and judgment are secret things.” Evidence. “Matthew 24:36. But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no not the angels, in heaven, but my Father only.” To this, I reply, the text has no bearing on the case in hand; for all that it affirms, is, that the day and hour were known only to the Father. It forms no sort of objection to the case before us; for we do not nor have we ever pretended to point out either the day or hour. But if it is still insisted, that it has an equal bearing on the year, that it has on the day and hour, then I deny it; and demand the evidence. But I will show that it does not prove that the year was not a matter of revelation.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.8

    (1.) Christ had just given a long series of events which were to precede his coming. Ver. 33, He said, “when ye see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors.” He then adds the text above quoted, to teach them, that for the precise day or hour, they must watch.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.9

    (2.) He then goes on verse 37 and says, “But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.” The ignorance of the world at that time did not arise from the fact that God had not revealed the time of the flood; this he had done for 120 years, and yet they “knew not until the flood came, and took them all away.” Their ignorance was wilful, and because they did not believe God’s word.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.10

    2. “Watch, for ye know not what hour your Lore doth come.” Matthew 24:42. The same remarks will apply to this, as to the above text. That although the circumstances of the times should indicate the event to be just at hand, yet for the precise time they were to watch.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.11

    3. Verse 44. “Therefore be ye also ready; for in such an hour (not year) as ye think not the Son of Man cometh.”HST May 15, 1840, page 29.12

    4. 1 Thessalonians 5:2. “For ye yourselves know perfectly, that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.”HST May 15, 1840, page 29.13

    But to whom is it to come as a thief in the night? To the wicked, to those who say peace and safety; not to Christians who believe God’s word and are found watching Verse 4. “But ye brethren are not in darkness if that day should overtake you as a thief.” Who cannot perceive that a wide distinction is made between the righteous and the wicked with respect to the suddenness of the coming of that day.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.14

    5. 2 Peter 3:10. “But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night.” In this chapter also, signs by which Christians might know the day was near are pointed out; and we are especially directed to study the prophets and apostles in refference to the signs which were to precede the day. But the sacred penmen have among other things, given events to be fulfflled within specified periods, as signs of the near approach of the day, and of its actual coming. But for the specific point of time, we are to be on our watch.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.15

    Concluding remarks. “All revelation from God in which we can safely repose confidence, is contained in the Bible; therefore it will be hazardous for us to lean upon the staff of a falliable exposition of an infallible truth.” If so, then my brother’s hearers are running a hazard every time he gives them an exposition of “an infalliable truth.” And a hazard it is, on a subject vitally affecting their eternal interests. For there is not a text in the Bible, perhaps, relating to the great plan of salvation on which there is not a diversity of opinion, some of these opinions must be wrong and all falliable. If therefore we are running a fearful hazard whenever we lean on the staff of a falliable exposition of God’s word, we are continually running hazards. And greater hazards than on this subject. For a wrong exposition of some texts may prove disastrous to the soul: but, expositions of the prophecies may be either true or false, and we may lean on them, without necessarily affecting our eternal interests.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.16

    2. “Mr. Miller and brother Litch, cannot modestly lay claim to greater mathematical accuracy or more theological acumen or erudition, than the great, the wise, and the good, who have left behind them learned commentaries on the Holy Scriptures.” Nor do we profess to have more of those qualifications, my brother. But have you yet to learn that God “hath hidden these things from the wise and prudent and revealed them unto babes.” Or that he hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; and the base things and things which are not, to bring to naught things which are; that no flesh should glory in his presence. All we profess to do is to state certain texts of Scripture “infallible truths,” and collate with then certain historical facts; and tell the world the impression that collation makes on our minds. If it makes the same impression on theirs, well and good, we hope they will be benefited by it; if it does not make the same impression on them that it does on us, we cannot help it; to their own master they must stand or fall.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.17

    3. “Nor can I see how they can well know more than their predecessers in the work ot exposition, unless some special revalation has been made to them; of which I have no evidence.” But does not Br. B. know that it has generally been the order of Divine Providence, to bring out new truths, not by deep learning and research, but by some apparently trivial circumstance. Instance the discovery of the laws of gravitation by the fall of an apple; and the laws of specific gravity by the simple circumstance of bathing. And is it any more wonderful for the same Providence to place before the mind of some obscure individual, some historical and chronological date in connection with certain texts of Scripture, which had been overlooked by the wise and good of former days? And besides does not B. B. know that by a Divine command the prophecies of Daniel were closed and sealed, “even to the time of the end.” And that prophets and angels, when they searched diligently, and desired to know both he events and the nature or manner of the time of those events they predicted, were told that they ministered not to themselves, but to us. They could not know, but we were to reap what they sowed.HST May 15, 1840, page 29.18

    Finally, I can heartily join with my brother and say, “Let us watch therefore, for we know not what hour the Lord will come, whether at midnight, or at the cock crowing, or in the morning.” “Happy is that servant who when his Lord cometh, he shall find so doing.”HST May 15, 1840, page 29.19

    Josiah Litch.
    Millenial Grove, April, 1840.



    Apulia, April 24th, 1840.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.1

    My Dear Sir. Your note containing the prospectus of” the Signs of the Times,” was duly received, and I have since received the two first numbers of your publication, for which I thank you.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.2

    Whether I can write any thing which might serve to shed light upon the great subject you have taken in hand, I do not know; but at any rate I am glad the subject is fairly up before the public mind, and has now got to pass the ordeal of a most thorough and critical investigation. It is true that I have thought much on the subject of the second coming and kingdom of Christ for a number of years, and within the year past have written some upon it, in connection with another brother, and we shall probably put to press a pamphlet on the subject in the course of the next week; and when it is out I intend sending you a copy, that you may compare and view with those of others who have written upon the same subject.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.3

    It is likely we shall not exactly coincide in all things with the views of Br. Miller, and probably not with Br. Cambell, although I have not yet seen his work. But from all the views I have been able to collect on the subject, and from all which I can learn from the Scriptures of truth and from the state of the world and of the nominalc hurches at this day, I should think that one thing was rendered about morally certain; and that is that we are living near the time of the coming of the Son of man. And if this be true, then what manner of persons ought all the professed chilren of God to be, in all holy conversation and godliness, looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?” And yet although all these things may transpire in this most literally and alarming form, the true servants of God have nothing to fear; for, according to the unerring promise of God, they are allowed to look for a new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. Let all of us then take the apostle’s admonition, “Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in pence, without spot and blameless.”HST May 15, 1840, page 30.4

    This is the right spirit for those to exercise who expect to stand approved in the great day of the Lord; and particularly for those who write upon this most instructing subject. The spirit of prayer, of holiness and love, should characterize all, which they think or write upon it. The spirit of mastery should have no place in those who write on the subject. The spirit of party strife should be banished from the mind which would arrive at the truth in regard to it: and the spirit of impartial investigation, the spirit of holy prayer, and the most humble and teachable spirit, which would willingly sit at Jesus’ feet, and receive as truth whatever it could learn from his word and spirit, should possess the whole soul of him who would arrive at the simple truth on this vast subject, and be at the last approved of God. I think I have seen in a few instances, in “The Signs of the Times,” the marks of the inward workings of a bad spirit. This I regret; for on such a subject, above all others, if man cannot write in a good and kind spirit, they had better not write at all. The field of investigation is broad;—the mines of truth to be explored are many,—and the reward of the faithful immensely great, and therefore there is the most ample room for all to investigate, and for all to labor without prdjudice or jealousy against each other. O my dear sir, I sometimes look at the fact that Christ is soon coming to our world; and I then look at the jealousies, the slanders, the divisions, and strifes which are among his professed followers, and my soul sinks within me to think of the disappointments and dismay which that day will bring along with it! Think we that the party strifes and names which now distract and divide the saints of the most high God, will abide the trial of that day, in which the very elements shall melt? It seems to me that there is little thought about its searching powers, or its near approach; and yet its approaching events linger not, and its vengeance for them who obey not the gospel, slumbers not.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.5

    Give, my dear sir, to the “Signs of the Times,” a trumpet tongue, and let it sound an alarm long and loud in the ears of this generation, until the question shall come up from city and hamlet, and be echoed from valley and from hill-top, “Watchman, what of the night?” “When shall these things be”? And let an answer be demanded in a tone that must be heard. It is the voice of the people, which must arouse the time-serving ministry of this age from the deep sleep into which on this, and other subjects of highest moment to the children of men, they appear to have fallen. You know it is the ministry of this age, who oppose reform, if it come not in this way, more effectually than any other class of men. But still the truth will prevail, and reform will move onward in spite of opposition till the Saviour comes to bless his suffering servants. Onward, then, my dear sir, in your good work of spreading right and truth; and God prosper you, and that I know he will do, as far and as fully as you follow the truth which he may spread before your mind. Knowledge will increase on this most absorbing subject, which must unite all the saints of the Lord for ever, and the wise will understand and love it.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.6

    Your brother in the Kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ,
    John Fruair.
    Portland, April 28, 1840.

    Mr. Editor,—The peculiar circumstances of the age in which we live, and especially of the present times, have created some considerable excitement, and not a little enquiry, and altercation respecting our chronology. I find in “Ferguson’s Astronomy” a few pages devoted to “The trice era of Christs birth” which I have thought would be read with interest, and perhaps might contribute something for the truth. It is apparent that the point in dispute does not effect our chronology, but simply the time of the Saviour’s birth, and his age. If the common calculation teaching the time of the Saviour’s birth is wrong, why, it only carries it back 4 years farther, and makes Jesus of Nazereth 37 years of age, when crucified, instead of 33. L. D. Fleming.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.7

    Mr. Ferguson says:—“The vulgar era of Christ’s birth was never settled till the year 527, when Dionysius Exigus, a Roman abbot, fixed it to the end of the 4713th year of the Julian period, which was four years too late. For our Saviour was born before the death of Herod, who sought to kill him as soon as he heard of his birth. And, according to the testimony of Josephus, (B.xvii.ch.8,) there was an eclipse of the moon in the time of Herod’s last illness; which eclipse appears, by our astronomical tables, to have been in the year of the Julian period 4710, March 13th, at 3 hours past midnight, at Jerusalem. Now, as our Saviour must have been born some months before Herod’s death, since in the interval he was carried into Egypt, the latest time in which we can fix the true era of his birth, is about the end of the 4079th year of the Julian period. There is a remarkable prophecy delivered to us in the ninth chapter of the book of Daniel, which, from a certain epoch, fixes the time of restoring the state of the Jews, and of building the walls of Jerusalem, the coming of Messiah, his death, and the destruction of Jerusalem. But some parts of this prophecy (ver. 25) are so injudiciously pointed in our English translation of the Bible, that, if they be read according to those stops of pointing, they are quite unintelligible. But the learned Dr. Prideaux, by altering these stops, makes the sense plain; and, as he seems to me, to have explained the whole of it better than any other author I have read on the subject, I shall set down the whole of the prophecy according a? he has pointed it, to shew in what manner he has divided it into four different parts.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.8

    Ver. 24. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sin, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision, and the prophecy, and to annoint the most holy. Ver. 25. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem unto the Messiah, the prince, shall be seven weeks and threescore and two weeks, the street shall be built again, and the wall even in troublous times. ver. 26. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself, and the people of the prince that shall come, shall destroy the city and sanctuary, and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Ver. 27. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week, and in the midst 4It is said this should be rendered last half, instead of midst.) of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate even until the consumation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.9

    This commandment was given to Ezra by Artaxerxes Longimanus, in the seventh year of that king’s reign, (Ezra 7. ver. 11-26.) Ezra began the work, which was afterward accomplished by Nehemiah, in which they meet with great opposition and trouble from the Samaritans and others, during the first seven weeks, or 29 years.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.10

    From this accomplishment till the time when Christ’s Messenger, John the Baptist, began to preach the kingdom of the Messiah, 62 weeks, or 434 years.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.11

    From thence to the beginning of Christ’s public ministry, half a week, or three and a half years.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.12

    And from thence to the death of Christ, half a week or three and a half years; in which half week he preached and confirmed the covenant of the Gospel with many.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.13

    In all, from the going forth of the commandment, till the death of Christ, 70 weeks, or 490 years.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.14

    And, lastly, in a very striking manner, the prophecy foretells what should come to pass after the expiration of the 70 weeks; namely, the destruction of the city and sanctuary by the people of the prince that was to come; which were the Roman armies, under the command of Titus their prince, who came upon Jerusalem as a torrent, with their idolatrous images, which were an abomination to the Jews, and under which they marched against them, invaded their land, and besieged their holy city, and by a calamitous war brought such utter destruction upon both, that the Jews have never been able to recover themselves, even to this day.HST May 15, 1840, page 30.15

    Now, both by the undoubted canon of Ptolemy, and the famous era of Nabonasse, the beginning of the seventh year of the reign of Artaxerxes Longimanus, king of Persia, (who is called Ahasuerus in the book of Esther), is pinned down to the 4256th year of the Julian period, in which year he gave Ezra the above mentioned ample commission: from which count 490 years to the death of Christ, and it will carry the same to the 4746th year of the Julian period.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.1

    Our Saturday is the Jewish Sabbath: and it is plain, from St. Mark, ch. 15. ver. 42, and St Luke, ch. 23. ver. 54, that Christ was crucified on Friday, seeing the crucifixion was on the day next before the Jewish Sabbath. And according to St. John, ch. 18. ver. 28, on the day that the passover was to be eaten, at least by many of the Jews.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.2

    The Jews reckoned their months by the moon, and their years by the apparent revolution of the sun; and they eat the passover on the 14th day of the month Nisan, which was the first month of the year, reckoning from the first appearance of the new moon, which at that time of the year might be on the evening of the day next after the change, if the sky was clear. So that their 14th day of the month answers to our 15th day of the moon, on which she is full. Consequently, the passover was always kept on the day of full Moon.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.3

    And the full moon at which it was kept, was that one which happened next after the vernal equinox. For Josephus expressly says (Antiq. B. iii. ch. 10), The passover was kept on the 14th day of the month of Nisan, according to the Moon, when the Sun was in Aries. And the Sun always enters Aries at the instant of the vernal equinox; which, in our Saviour’s time, fell on the 22nd day of March.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.4

    The dispute among chronologors about the year of Christ’s death, is limited to four or five years at most. But as we have shown that he was crucified on the day of a pascal full moon, and on a Friday, all that we have to do, in order to ascertain the year of his death, is only to compute in which of those years there was a passover full moon on a Friday. For the full moons anticipate eleven days every year, (12 luner months being so much short of a solar year), and therefore once in every three years at least, the Jews were obliged to set their passover a month farther forward than it fell by the course of the moon, on the year next before, in order to keep it at the full moon next after the equinox. Therefore there could not be two passovers on the same day of the week, within the compass of a few neighboring years. And I find by calculation, the only passover full moon that fell on a Friday, for several years before or after the disputed year of the crucifixion, was on the 3rd day of April, in the 4746th year of the Julian period, which was the 490th year after Ezra received the above-mentioned commission from Antaxerxes Longimanus, according to Ptolemy’s canon, and the year in which the Messiah was to be cut off, according to the prophecy, reckoning from the going forth of that commision or commandment: and this 490th year was the 33rd year of our Saviour’s age, reckoning from the vulgar era of his birth: but the 37th, reckoning from the true era thereof.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.5

    And when we reflect on what the Jews told him, sometime before his death, (John 8:57) “Thou art not yet fifty years old,” we must confess, that it should seem much likelier to have been said to a person near forty, than to one but just turned of thirty. And we may easily suppose, that St Luke expressed himself only in round numbers, when he said that Christ was baptized about the 30th year of his age when he began his public ministry; as our Saviour himself did, when he said he should lie three days and three nights in the grave.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.6

    The 4746th year of the Julian period, which we have astronomically proved to be the year of the crucifixion, was the 4th of the 202nd Olympiad; in which year, Phlegon, a heathen writer, tells us, there was a most extraordinary eclipse of the Sun that ever was seen. But I find by calculation, that there could be no total eclipse of the Sun at Jerusalem, in a natural way, in that year. So that what Phlegon here calls an eclipse of the Sun, seems to have been the great darkness for three hours at the time of our Saviour’s crucifixion, as mentioned by the evangelist: a darkness altogether supernatural, as the Moon was then in the side of the heavens opposite to the Sun: and therefore could not possibly darken the Sun to any part of the Earth.”HST May 15, 1840, page 31.7

    Groton, April 10th, 1840
    Dear Bro. Himes,—During an interview I had with you a few days since, you requested me to give a statement of the results, so far as I had witnessed them, of Mr. Miller’s Lectures, in this vicinity. Before complying with your request, I beg leave to say, that I am not a believer in the theory of Mr. Miller, neither am I an unbeliever. My time has been so completely occupied since the subject has been presented in a tangible form, that I have not given it that attention which is requisite to an intelligent and enlightened decision respecting tt. But I am decidedly in favor of the discussion of the subject. I believe that Mr. Miller’s Lectures are so fraught with gospel truth, that, whatever may be his error in relation to the time of our Lord’s appearing, he will do great good. I rejoice that there is a subject being discussed in the community, so happily adapted to wake up the public mind to the great things of religion, and to check the growing worldliness and sensuality of the present age. Mind is so constituted, and the tendencies of the world are such, that God is obliged to use extraordinary men, charged with important and exciting truths, to break up the apathy of the former, and to neutralize the latter. Ordinary men and means are utterly inadequate to this task. These men may present much truth, and sec some good results of their efforts, but the strong-holds of satan will still remain undemolished, and his iron grasp upon the great mass of men, unbroken. The means now used, antique and venerable though they be, are not what the age demands. The devil learned years ago, how to render them nearly or quite useless. A different class of men and measures are called for, to check the progress of infidelity and sensuality which are sweeping over our land, blighting every thing lovely and of good report. And it is cause of joy, that God is raising up such men, and instituting such measures. I fully believe that Mr. Miller is one of the former, and that his Lectures will constitute no small part of the latter.
    HST May 15, 1840, page 31.8

    Mr. Miller has lectured in this and other adjoining towns, with marked success. His lectures have been succeeded by precious revivals of religion, in all of these places. A class of minds are reached by him not within the influence of other men. His lectures are well adapted, so far as I have learned, of shaking the supremacy of the various forms of error that are rife in the community. Men are made to revere the naked Bible, and to study it with a care and impartiality wholly unknown before. As a consequence, their errors are dissipated, and they embrace that truth which is essential to their salvation. If they embrace error it cannot be fundamental, as it relates to the time and manner of Christ’s coming, and not to the fact of his coming. If it did relate to the fact, it could not be regarded as a fundamental error, as I can conceive.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.9

    As it respects the immoral tendencies of his Lectures, I have seen none of them. And I am bold to declare that I see nothing in the theory at all adapted to make men immoral; but I do believe it will have the opposite effect. Facts speak too plain, on this subject, not to be credited.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.10

    I am your brother for Truth and Liberty,
    S. HAWLEY.
    J. V. Himes.



    Mr. Miller has been in Portland, lecturing to crowded congregations in Casco Street Church, on his favorite theme, the end of the world, or literal reign of Christ for 1000 years. As faithful chroniclers of passing events it will be expected of us that we say something of the man and his peculiar views.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.11

    Mr. Miller is about 60 years of age; a plain farmer from Hampton in the State of New York. He is a member of the Baptist Church in that place, from which he brings satisfactory testimonials of good standing, and a licence to improve publickly. He has we understand numerous testimonials also from clergymen of different denominations favorable to his general character. We should think him a man of but common school education; evidently possessing strong powers of mind, which for about 14 years have been almost exclusively bent to the investigation of scripture prophecies. The last eight years of his life have been devoted to lecturing on this favorite subject.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.12

    In his public discourses he is self-possessed and ready; distinct in his utterance, and frequently quaint in his expressions. He succeeds in chaining the attention of his auditory for an hour and an half to two hours; and in the management of his subject discovers much tact, holding frequent colloquies with the objector and enquirer, supplying the questions and answers himself in a very natural manner; and although grave himself, sometimes producing a smile from a portion of his auditors.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.13

    Mr. Millers theory is, that in 1843 Christ will make his personal appearance on earth;—the righteous dead shall be raised, the righteous living shall be changed, and be caught up to meet the Lord in the air. This is the first resurrection. The bodies of the wicked, living and dead, shall be consumed by fire in the conflagration, which shall envelope the earth, and purify it for a suitable residence for the saints. They shall then descend, as the New Jerusalem out of Heaven, and shall reign on the earth with Christ a thousand years; at the end of which period, the bodies of the wicked shall be raised, and they shall be judged by the saints, and receive their sentence of endless banishment from the presence of the Lord and the glory of His power.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.14

    In a very ingenious manner he brings all the mystic numbers in scripture prophecy to bear upon the important epoch of 1843. First he makes the 2300 days or years of Daniel 8:14, to commence at the same time us the 70 weeks or 490 years, which latter period terminated in the cutting off the Messiah. A. D. 33. The former period then extends 1810 years longer, or till 1843, when the end shall come.HST May 15, 1840, page 31.15

    Second. The mystic number of the beast, 666, Revelation 13:18, he applies to Pagan Rome. It indicates 666 years, commencing with the league between the Romans and Jews, B. C. 158, and terminates when the pagan sacrifices ceased at Rome, A. D. 508. Third. This period, A. D. 508, he thinks is referred to by Daniel 12:11 as the time when the daily sacrifice (or heathen rites) shall be taken away or cease at Rome. From this he reckons 1290 years (idem) for the duration of the abomination that maketh desolate, or the Papal civil power, which terminated in the captivity of the Pope, A. D. 1798.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.1

    Fourth. The 1335 years, Daniel 12:12, includes the last mentioned period of 1290, and passing 45 years beyond, brings us to 1843, or the end.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.2

    Fifth. He brings the prophecy or denunciation of Moses, Leviticus 26:23, 24, to refer to this period; seven times or 2520 years (a time in the prophetic scriptures meaning 360 years) from the first captivity of the Jews under Manassah, in the year B. C. 677, brings us to 1843.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.3

    These are only a part of the scriptural data by which his theory is established. We are now, according to his scheme, in the period spoken of by Daniel 12:1,—and the trouble there mentioned is to befal the world the present year of our Lord, 1840. “Mankind,” he says, “will, for a short season, give loose to all the corrupt passions of the human heart. No laws, human or divine, will be regarded; all authority will be trampled under foot; anarchy will be the order of government and confusion fill the world with horror and despair. Murder, treason, and crime will be common law, and division and disunion the only bond of fellowship. Christians will be persecuted unto death; and dens and caves of the earth will be their retreat.”HST May 15, 1840, page 32.4

    We furnish the following as a specimen of his method of illustrating scripture. It is from his discourse entitled the “Midnight cry,” founded on the parable of the ten virgins.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.5

    Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, etc. etc. Matthew 25:1-12.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.6

    Then. This word indicates that a specific time was intended. To know that time we must go back into the preceding chapter and see what our Lord had been conversing about. This was evidently the second coming—as explained in a preceding lecture. Read then the 44th and 45th verses.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.7

    The faithful and wise servant is the one who in this period of the world, warns his fellow men to be ready for the coming of the Lord. This is the portion of meat due at this season.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.8

    Verse 48. The evil servant; self-constituted and men made ministers.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.9

    Shall say in his heart. Many do not openly oppose the doctrine of the speedy coming of Christ. But they do it in their hearts;—they do not sound the alarm.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.10

    My Lord delayeth his coming. This doctrine that the consummation of all things is at hand, is false. The coming of Christ will be delayed.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.11

    Verse 49. Shall begin to smite his fellow servants. Shall persecute and speak evil of those who wait for and expect the coming of Christ.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.12

    Verse 50 and 51. The Lord of that servant shall come. This is the second coming, etc.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.13

    We now perceive that the time specified at the commencement of the 25th chapter is the time connected with the preceding circumstances—the end of the world,—that it is the lime in which we now live.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.14

    Chap. 25. The kingdom of Heaven. The Gospel dispensation.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.15

    Ten Virgins. The righteous and wicked whom the Lord, the bride-groom, invites and woos to become the Lamb’s bride. That “Virgin” may have this meaning in prophecy, see the expressions, “O virgin daughter of Babylon”—“Virgin daughter of Egypt”—“Virgin daughter of Zion.”HST May 15, 1840, page 32.16

    Five were wise. These represent true believers.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.17

    Five were foolish. The unbelieving class of mankind.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.18

    Lamp. The word of God. (Psalm 119:105. Thy word is a lamp to my feet.—Proverbs 6:23—The commandment is a lamp.) Bibles are now in the hands of the wicked and the righteous; and translated into almost every language on earth.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.19

    Oil. An emblem of faith, (1 John 2:27—“But the anointing (faith) which ye have received of him abideth in you.”) Though the wicked arc in possession of the scriptures, they have no true faith in their declaration.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.20

    Vessel. The mind. (“Possess his vessel in sanctification”—“Shall be a vessel unto honor.”HST May 15, 1840, page 32.21

    Bridegroom. Figurative of Christ. (“As the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so shall thy God rejoice over thee.”) “When the bridegroom shall be taken away, then, etc.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.22

    They all slumbered and slept. In the primitive church the opinion prevailed that Christ’s second coming would be to reign in person on earth, after the destruction of the wicked. But the Christian world has been asleep on this subject, and the notion of a spiritual reign of Christ for a thousand years has been substituted, which is false and anti-scriptural.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.23

    And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold the Bridgroom cometh. This day is this scripture fulfiled in our ears. A few are uttering this cry. The missionary, Wolf, has declared it in Asia, Irving in England,—Mason in Scotland, and Davis in South Carolina. At the present time about 200 ministers in America are declaring the same truth.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.24

    Then all those Virgins arose and trimmed their lamps. A lamp is trimmed to make it give more light. Translating the Bible therefore, is trimming the lamp of life. The Bible has been translated into 150 languages within 30 years, in addition to the 40 or 50 translations before. The operations of the Missionary Societies, Sabbath Schools, and Bible classes, Tract Societies, and Temperance Societies, have all been in effect “trimming the lamps.” In this work the contribution of the unconverted portion of the world have been as liberal as those of Christians. So that it may be said, the foolish Virgins have also trimmed their lamps.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.25

    And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil, for our lamps have gone out. The midnight cry is now being made; the wicked are started from their slumbers, and begin to ask of Christians, “What do you think of these things?” “Give us your opinion of the coming of Christ, for we know not what the Bible teaches.” That is, “Give us of your oil, for our lamps are gone out.”HST May 15, 1840, page 32.26

    Go ye to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. Christians should be careful how they speak against the speedy coming of Christ; as the blood of souls will be found in their skirts, if they soothe the fears of the wicked; they should answer all such enquiries, “Go to them that sell, and buy for yourselves.”HST May 15, 1840, page 32.27

    And they that were ready went in with him to the marriage and the door was shut. This is the closing up, or end of the Gospel dispensation.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.28

    Mr. Miller is a great stickler for literal interpretations; never admitting the figurative, unless absolutely required to make correct sense or meet the event which is intended to be pointed out. He doubtless believes, most unwaveringly, all he teaches to others. His lectures are interspersed with powerful admonitions to the wicked, and he handles Universalism with gloves of steel.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.29

    He is evidently dispossed to make but little allowance for those who think differently from him on the Millenium; dealing often in terrible denunciations against such as oppose his peculiar views on this point; as he fully believes they are crying peace and safety when sudden destruction cometh. Judging from what we see and hear, we should think his lectures are making a decided impression on many minds, favorable to his theory.—Maine Wesleyan Journ.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.30



    1. How can the whole human race stand upon the earth at one time—as mentioned in Revelation 20, at the Last Judgment?HST May 15, 1840, page 32.31

    Answer by Mr. Miller


    1. Allow 800,000,000 for every 30 years, in 6000 years, and it will give 160,000,000,000. Allow 50,000,000 square miles for the earth—would make five Billions, one hundred and twenty thousand Millions, of Square Rods.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.32

    This divided by 160,000,000,000, of inhabitants, would leave 32 square rods to each individual on the globe.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.33

    Computation of time. A Correspondent asks, “if 30 days for a month, and 12 months amounting to 360 days, for a year, was the method of computing time before the Christian era, and 365 days 6 hours for a year, the way of reckoning since, would not the sanctuary have been cleansed somewhere from 1809 to 1814?”HST May 15, 1840, page 32.34

    To this it is replied—1. The ancients did virtually allow 365 days to a year, for after their twelve months of 30 days each were ended they added, before commencing another year, the odd time. But this, not coming within the 12 months, was not reckoned with the year.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.35

    2. The fulfilment of prophetic periods, in the accomplishment of the prophecies with which they were connected, has demonstrated the fact, that a prophetic time signifies a year of 360 days, and that each of those days represents a year of 365 days 6 hours.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.36

    A demonstration of this position will be given in the course of the discussion between Messrs. Jones and Litch.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.37




         Randolph—Miss Abigail White
         Fairhaven—Joseph Bates
         Eastham—Elder Josiah Litch
         Westford—Benjamin F. Leighton
         Groton—Daniel Needham
         Brighton—Samuel Clough
         Lowell—Elder Timothy Cole
    HST May 15, 1840, page 32.38


         Portland—Eld. L. D. FlemingHST May 15, 1840, page 32.39

    New Hampshire

         Thornton—Joseph E. Dow, Esq. P M.HST May 15, 1840, page 32.40

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