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    AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION

    ARTICLE I.

    Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.CGRRLL 179.5

    ARTICLE II.

    A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.CGRRLL 179.6

    ARTICLE III.

    No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.CGRRLL 179.7

    ARTICLE IV.

    The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.CGRRLL 179.8

    ARTICLE V.

    No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.CGRRLL 179.9

    ARTICLE VI.

    In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an defense.CGRRLL 180.1

    ARTICLE VII.

    In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.CGRRLL 180.2

    ARTICLE VIII.

    Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.CGRRLL 180.3

    ARTICLE IX.

    The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.CGRRLL 180.4

    ARTICLE X.

    The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.CGRRLL 180.5

    ARTICLE XI.

    The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign State.CGRRLL 180.6

    ARTICLE XII.

    The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.CGRRLL 180.7

    ARTICLE XIII.

    SECTION 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.CGRRLL 181.1

    SEC. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.CGRRLL 181.2

    ARTICLE XIV.

    SECTION 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.CGRRLL 181.3

    SEC. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.CGRRLL 181.4

    SEC. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each house, remove such disability.CGRRLL 182.1

    SEC. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.CGRRLL 182.2

    SEC. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.CGRRLL 182.3

    ARTICLE XV.

    SECTION. 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.CGRRLL 182.4

    SEC. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.CGRRLL 182.5

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