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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 1

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    A. T. JONES

    Now as to Christ’s not having “like passions” with us: In the Scriptures all the way through he is like us, and with us according to the flesh. He is the seed of David according to the flesh. He was made in the likeness of sinful flesh. Don’t go too far. He was made in the likeness of sinful flesh; not in the likeness of sinful mind. Do not drag his mind into it. His flesh was our flesh; but the mind was “the mind of Christ Jesus.” Therefore it is written: “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus.” If he had taken our mind, how, then, could we ever have been exhorted to “let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus?” It would have been so already. But what kind of mind is ours? O, it is corrupted with sin also. Look at ourselves in the second chapter of Ephesians, beginning with the first verse, and reading to the third, but the third verse is the one that has this particular point in it:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 327.1

    Now I refer you also to page 191 of the BULLETIN, to the lesson we studied on the destruction of that enmity. We studied there where the enmity came from, you remember, — how it got into this world, — the ground is covered in this that I have just read. Adam had the mind of Jesus Christ in the garden; he had the divine mind, — the divine and the human were united, sinlessly. Satan came in, and offered his inducements through the appetite, through the flesh. Adam and Eve forsook the mind of Jesus Christ, the mind of God, that was in them, and accepted the suggestions and the leadings of this other mind. Thus they were enslaved to that, and so are we all. Now Jesus Christ comes into the world, taking our flesh, and in his sufferings and temptations in the wilderness he fights the battle upon the point of appetite.GCB February 25, 1895, page 327.2

    Where Adam and Eve failed, and where sin entered, he fought the battle over, and victory was won, and righteousness entered. He having fasted forty days and forty nights, — perfectly helpless, human as ourselves, hungry as we, — there came to him the temptation, “If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.” He answered, “It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 327.3

    Then Satan took another turn. He argued: You are trusting in the word of God, are you? All right; here the word of God says: “He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.” Now you are trusting in the word of God: you jump off here, for it is written, “He shall give his angels charge concerning thee.” Jesus answered again: “It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 327.4

    Then Satan took Jesus upon an exceeding high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them too, — the glory, the honor, the dignity, — he showed him all that. And there at that moment there was stirred up all the ambition that ever appeared in Napoleon, or Caesar, or Alexander, or all of them put together. But from Jesus still the answer is: “It is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 327.5

    Then the devil departed from him for a season, and angels came and ministered unto him. There was the power of Satan conquered in man, on the point of appetite, — just where that power was gained over man. This man at the first had the mind of God; he forsook it, and took the mind of Satan. In Jesus Christ the mind of God is brought back once more to the sons of men; and Satan is conquered. Therefore, it is gloriously true, as the word reads in Dr. Young’s translation and in the German, as it does in the Greek: “We know that the Son of God is come, and has given us a mind.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 327.6

    Read the last words of 1 Corinthians 2:16: “We have the mind of Christ.” Put the two transactions together. The German, and the Danish, and also the Greek are alike. Put the two together: “We know that the Son of God is come, and has given us a mind;” and “We have the mind of Christ.” Thank the Lord!GCB February 25, 1895, page 327.7

    Read in Romans now. I will read from the Greek, beginning with the twenty-fourth verse of the seventh chapter. You remember from the tenth to the twenty-fourth verses is that contest: The good I would do, I do not; and the evil I hate, that I do. I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. There the flesh has control, and draws the mind after it, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind. Now:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.1

    O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then I myself with the mind indeed serve the law of God [or, rather, serve God’s law, literally here]; but with the flesh, sin’s law. There is then now no condemnation to those in Christ Jesus who walk not according to flesh, but according to Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus set me free from the law of sin and of death. For the law being powerless, in that it was weak through the flesh, God having sent his own son in likeness of flesh of sin, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh, that the requirement of the law should be fulfilled in us, who not according to flesh walk, but according to Spirit. For they that according to flesh are, the things of the flesh mind; and they according to Spirit, the things of the Spirit. For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the Spirit [that is, the Spirit’s mind; the one is the flesh’s mind, and the other is the Spirit’s mind], life and peace. Because the mind of the flesh is enmity toward God: for to the law of God it is not subject; for neither can it be; and they that in flesh are, God please can not [that is, cannot please God]. But ye are not in flesh, but in spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you; but if any one the Spirit of Christ has not, he is not of him: but if Christ be in you, the body is dead, on account of sin, but the Spirit life [is] on account of righteousness.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.2

    You hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: among whom also we all had our conversation [our manner of walk] in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.3

    Our minds have consented to sin. We have felt the enticements of the flesh, and our minds yielded, our minds consented, and did the wills and the desires of the flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind. The flesh leads, and our minds have followed, and with the flesh the law of sin is served. When the mind can lead, the law of God is served. But as our minds have surrendered, yielded to sin, they have themselves become sinful and weak, and are led away by the power of sin in the flesh.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.4

    Now the flesh of Jesus Christ was our flesh, and in it was all that is in our flesh, — all the tendencies to sin that are in our flesh were in his flesh, drawing upon him to get him to consent to sin. Suppose he had consented to sin with his mind; what then? Then his mind would have been corrupted, and then he would have become of like passions with us. But in that case he himself would have been a sinner; he would have been entirely enslaved, and we all would have been entirely enslaved, and we all would have been lost — everything would have perished.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.5

    I will read now from the new “Life of Christ,” advance copy, upon this very point:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.6

    It is true that Christ at one time said of himself, “The prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.” John 14:30. Satan finds in human hearts some point where he can gain a foothold; some sinful desire is cherished, by means of which his temptations assert their power.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.7

    Where does he start the temptation? — In the flesh. Satan reaches the mind through the flesh; God reaches the flesh through the mind. Satan controls the mind through the flesh. Through this means, — through the lusts of the flesh, the lusts of the eyes, the pride of life, and through ambition for the world and the honor and respect of men — through these things Satan draws upon us, upon our minds to get us to yield; our minds respond, and we cherish that thing. By this means his temptations assert their power. Then we have sinned. But until that drawing of our flesh is cherished, there is no sin. There is temptation, but not sin. Every man is tempted when he is drawn away thus and enticed; and when lust has conceived, when that desire is cherished, then it brings forth sin; and sin when it is finished bringeth forth death.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.8

    Read farther now:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.9

    Some sinful desire [with us] is cherished, by means of which his temptations assert their power. But he could find nothing in the Son of God that would enable him to gain the victory. Jesus did not consent to sin. Not even by a thought could he be brought to yield to the power of temptation.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.10

    Thus you see that where the victory comes, where the battle-field is, is right upon the line between the flesh and the mind. The battle is fought in the realm of the thoughts. The battle against the flesh, I mean, is fought altogether, and the victory won, in the realm of the thoughts. Therefore Jesus Christ came in just such flesh as ours, but with a mind that held its integrity against every temptation, against every inducement to sin, — a mind that never consented to sin, — no, never in the least conceivable shadow of a thought.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.11

    And by that means he has brought that divine man to every man on earth. Therefore every man for the choosing and by the choosing, can have that divine mind that conquers sin in the flesh. Dr. Young’s translation of 1 John 5:20 is: “Ye know that the Son of God has come, and hath given us a mind.” The German says the same thing exactly, and the Greek too — “has given us a mind.” To be sure he has; that is what he came for. We had the carnal mind, the mind that followed Satan, and yielded to the flesh. What was it that enslaved Eve’s mind? — O, she saw that the tree was good for food. It was not good for any such thing. The appetite, the lusts of the flesh, the desires of the flesh, led her off. She took of the tree and did eat. The appetite led, and enslaved the mind — that is, the mind of the flesh, and that is enmity against God; it comes from Satan. In Jesus Christ it is destroyed by the divine mind which he brought into the flesh. By this divine mind he put the enmity under foot, and kept it there. By this he condemned sin in the flesh. So there is our victory; in him is our victory; and it is all in having that mind which was in him.GCB February 25, 1895, page 328.12

    O, it is all told in the beginning. There came in this enmity, and Satan took man captive, and enslaved the mind. God says: “I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed.” Who was her seed? — Christ. “It [her seed] shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his” head? — No, sir; no, sir. “Thou shalt bruise his heel.” All that Satan could do with Christ was to entice the flesh; to lay temptations before the flesh. He could not affect the mind of Christ. But Christ reaches the mind of Satan, where the enmity lies and where it exists, and he destroys that wicked thing. It is all told there in the story in Genesis.GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.1

    The blessedness of it is, Satan can only deal with the flesh. He can stir up the desires of the flesh, but the mind of Christ stands there, and says, No, no; the law of God is to be served, and the body of flesh must come under.GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.2

    We shall have to follow this thought further. But even only so far there is blessing, there is joy, there is salvation in it for every soul. Therefore “let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus.” That conquers sin in the sinful flesh. By his promise we are made partakers of the divine nature. Divinity and humanity are united once more when the divine mind of Jesus Christ by his divine faith abides in human flesh. Let them be united in you; and be glad, and rejoice forevermore in it.GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.3

    Thus you see the mind which we have is the flesh’s mind; it is controlled by the flesh, and it came to us from whom? — Satan. Therefore it is enmity against God. And that mind of Satan is the mind of self, always self, in the place of God. Now Christ came to bring to us another mind than that. While we have Satan’s mind, the flesh ruling, we serve the law of sin. God can reveal to us his law, and we can consent that that is good, and desire to fulfill it, and make resolutions to do so, and sign bargains and make contracts even; “but I see another law in my members [in my flesh], warring against the law of my mind [against that desire, that wish of my mind, that delights in the law of God], and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. O wretched man that I am!” But Christ comes and brings another mind, — the Spirit’s mind, — to us, and gives us that. He gives us a mind, and we have his mind, by his Holy Spirit. Then and therefore with the mind — the Spirit’s mind, the mind of Christ which he hath given us — the law of God is served. Thank the Lord.GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.4

    So see the difference. In the seventh of Romans there is described the man in whom the flesh rules, and leads the mind astray, against the will of the man even. In the ninth chapter of 1Corinthians, verses 26, 27, is described the man in whom the mind has control. This is the Christian; the mind has control of the body, and the body is under, and he keeps it under. Therefore it is written in another place (Romans 12:2):—GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.5

    Be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind.GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.6

    And the Greek word is the same word exactly as that: “If any man be in Christ, he is a new creation;” he is a new creature — not an old man changed over, but a new-made one. So this is not an old mind made over, but a new-created mind; that is the mind of Christ wrought in us by the Spirit of God, giving us the mind of Christ, and so making an entirely new mind in us and for us.GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.7

    This is shown in Romans, eighth chapter: “They that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh,” because they do the works of the flesh; the mind follows in that way. “But they that after the Spirit [mind], the things of the Spirit.” And “if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.” That which brings to us the mind of Jesus Christ is the Holy Ghost. Indeed, the Spirit of God brings Jesus Christ himself to us. By the Holy Ghost the real presence of Christ is with us, and dwells in us. Can he bring Christ to us without bringing the mind of Christ to us? — Assuredly not. So, then, in the nature of things, there is the mind of Christ which he came into the world to give to us.GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.8

    Now see how this follows further, and what it cost to do that, and how it was done. This mind of the flesh is the minding of self. It is enmity against God, and is controlled through the flesh. Jesus Christ came into this flesh himself, — the glorious One, — he who made the worlds, the Word of God, — was made flesh himself, and he was our flesh; and he, that divine One, who was in heaven, was in our sinful flesh. Yet that divine One, when in sinful flesh, never manifested a particle of his divine self in resisting the temptations that were in that flesh, but emptied himself.GCB February 25, 1895, page 329.9

    We are here studying the same subject that we have been studying these three or four years; but God is leading us further along in the study of it, and I am glad. We have been studying for three or four years, “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus,” who emptied himself. That mind must be in us, in order for us to be emptied; for we cannot of ourselves empty ourselves. Nothing but divinity can do that; that is an infinite thing. Can the mind of Satan empty itself of self? — No. Can the mind that is in us, that minding of self, empty itself of self? — No; self cannot do it. Jesus Christ, the divine One, the infinite One, came in his divine person in this same flesh of ours, and never allowed his divine power, his personal self, to be manifested at all in resisting these temptations and enticements and drawings of the flesh.GCB February 25, 1895, page 330.1

    What was it, then, that conquered sin there, and kept him from sinning? It was the power of God, the Father, that kept him. Now where does that touch us? Here: we cannot empty ourselves; but his divine mind comes into us, and by that divine power, we can empty ourselves of our wicked selves; and then by that divine power, the mind of Jesus Christ, of God, the Father, comes to us and keeps us from the power of temptation. Thus Christ, emptying his divine self, his righteous self, brings to us the power by which we are emptied of our wicked selves. And this is how he abolished in his flesh the enmity, and made it possible for the enmity to be destroyed in you and me.GCB February 25, 1895, page 330.2

    Do you see that? I know it takes close thinking; and I know, too, that when you have thought upon that, and have got it clearly, then the mind cannot go any further. There we come face to face with the mystery of God itself; and human, finite intellect must stop and say, That is holy ground; that is beyond my measure; I can go no further; I surrender to God.GCB February 25, 1895, page 330.3

    [Question: Did not Christ depend on God to keep him? Answer: Yes, that is what I am saying. That is the point.]GCB February 25, 1895, page 330.4

    Christ depended in the Father all the time. Christ himself, who made the worlds, was all the time in that sinful flesh of mine and yours which he took. He who made the worlds was there in his divine presence all the time; but never did he allow himself to appear at all, or to do anything at all that was done. That was kept back; and when these temptations come upon him, he could have annihilated them all with the assertion — in righteousness of his divine self. But if he had done so, it would have ruined us. To have asserted himself, to have allowed himself to appear, even in righteousness, would have ruined us, because we who are only wicked, never would have had anything before us then but the manifestation of self. Set before men who are only wicked, manifestation of self, even in divine righteousness, as an example to be followed, and you simply make men that much more confirmed in selfishness and the wickedness of selfishness. Therefore, in order that we in our wicked selves might be delivered from our wicked selves, the divine One, the holy One, kept under, surrendered, emptied, all the manifestation of his righteous self. And that does accomplish it. He accomplished it by keeping himself back all the time, and leaving everything entirely to the Father to hold him against these temptations. He was Conqueror through the grace and power of the Father, which came to him upon his trust, and upon his emptying himself of self.GCB February 25, 1895, page 330.5

    There is where you and I are now. There is where it comes to you and me. We are tempted, we are tried; and there is always room for us to assert ourselves, and we undertake to make things move. There are suggestions which rise that such and such things are “too much for even a Christian to bear,” and that “Christian humility is not intended to go as far as that.” Some one strikes you on the cheek, or breaks your wagon or tools, or he may stone your tent or meeting-house. Satan suggests, “Now you send those fellows up; you take the law to them. Christians are not to bear such things as that in the world; that is not fair.” You answer him: “That is so; there is no use of that; we will teach those fellows a lesson.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 330.6

    Yes, and perhaps you do. But what is that? That is self-defense; that is self-replying. No; keep back that wicked self; let God attend to the matter, “Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.” That is what Jesus Christ did. He was spit upon; he was taunted; he was struck upon the face; his hair was pulled; a crown of thorns was put upon his head; and in mockery the knee was bowed, with, “Hail King of the Jews.” They blindfolded him, and then struck him, and cried: “Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?” All that was put upon him.GCB February 25, 1895, page 330.7

    And in his human nature he bore all that, because his divine self was kept back.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.1

    Was there any suggestion to him, suppose you, to drive back that riotous crowd? to let loose one manifestation of his divinity, and sweep away the whole wicked company? Satan was there to suggest it to him, if nothing else. What did he do? He stood defenseless as the Lamb of God. There was no assertion of his divine self, no sign of it, — only the man standing there, leaving all to God to do whatsoever he pleased. He said to Pilate: “Thou couldst have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above.” That is the faith of Jesus. And that is what the prophecy means when it says, “Here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.” We are to have that divine faith of Jesus Christ, which comes to us in the gift of the mind which he gives. That mind which he gives to me will exercise in me the same faith it exercised in him. So we keep the faith of Jesus.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.2

    So then there was he, by that self-surrender keeping back his righteous self, and refusing ever to allow it to appear under the most grievous temptations, — and the spirit of prophecy tells us that what was brought upon him there in the night of his betrayal were the very things that were the hardest for human nature to bear, — the very hardest for human nature to submit to; but he, by the keeping back of his divine self, caused human nature to submit to it, by the power of the Father, who kept him from sinning. And by that means he brings us to that same divine mind, that same divine power, that when we shall be taunted, when we shall be stricken upon the face, when we shall be spit upon, when we shall be persecuted as he was, — as shortly we shall be, — that divine mind which was in him, being given to us, will keep back our natural selves, our sinful selves; and we will leave all to God. Then the Father will keep us now in him, as he kept us then in him. That is our victory, and there is how he destroyed the enmity for us. And in him it is destroyed in us. Thank the Lord!GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.3

    I will read a portion now from the “Spirit of Prophecy” that will help in the understanding of the subject.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.4

    First from an article published in the The Review and Herald, July 5, 1887. It is so good that I will read a few passages to go into the BULLETIN with this lesson, so that all can have it, and so that all may know for certain that the steps we have taken in this study are exactly correct:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.5

    The apostle would call our attention from ourselves to the Author of our salvation. He presents before us his two natures, human and divine. Here is the description of the divine: “Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God.” He was the “brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.6

    Now of the human: He “was made in the likeness of men: and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death.” He voluntarily assumed human nature. It was his own act, and by his own consent. He clothed his divinity with humanity. He was all the while as God, but he did not appear as God. He veiled the demonstrations of Deity, which had commanded the homage and called forth the admiration of the universe of God. He was God while upon earth, but he divested himself of the form of God, and in its stead took the form and fashion of man. He walked the earth as a man. For our sakes he became poor, that we through his poverty might become rich. He laid aside his glory and his majesty. He was God, but the glories of the form of God he for a while relinquished. Though he walked among men in poverty, scattering his blessings where-ever he went, at his word legions of angels would surround their Redeemer, and do him homage.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.7

    When Peter, at the time of Christ’s betrayal, resisted the officers and took the sword, and raised it and cut off an ear of the servant of the high priest, Jesus said, Put up your sword. Don’t you know that I could call twelve legions of angels?GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.8

    But he walked on the earth unrecognized, unconfessed, with but few exceptions, by his creatures. The atmosphere was polluted with sin and with curses instead of the anthems of praise. His lot was poverty and humiliation. As he passed to and fro on his mission of mercy, to relieve the sick, to lift up the oppressed, scarce a solitary voice called him blessed, and the greatest of the nation passed him by with disdain.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.9

    Contrast this with the riches of glory, the wealth of praise pouring forth from immortal tongues, the millions of rich voices in the universe of God in anthems of adoration. But he humbled himself, and took mortality upon him. As a member of the human family he was mortal, but as God he was the fountain of life to the world. He could, in his divine person, ever have withstood the advances of death, and refused to come under its dominion; but he voluntarily laid down his life, that in doing so he might give life, and bring immortality to light. He bore the sins of the world and endured the penalty, which rolled like a mountain upon his divine soul. He yielded up his life a sacrifice, that man might not eternally die. He died, not by being compelled to die, but by his own free will.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.10

    That is self-sacrifice; that is self-emptying.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.11

    This was humility. The whole treasure of heaven was poured out in one gift to save fallen man. He brought into his human nature all the life-giving energies that human beings will need and must receive.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.12

    And he brings it into my human nature yet, to your human nature at our choice, by the Spirit of God bringing to us his divine presence, and emptying us of ourselves, and causing God to appear instead of self.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.13

    Wondrous combination of man and God! He might have helped his human nature to stand the inroads of disease by pouring from his divine nature vitality and undecaying vigor to the human. But he humbled himself to man’s nature. He did this that the Scripture might be fulfilled. And the plan was entered into by the Son of God, knowing all the steps in his humiliation that he must descend to make an expiation for the sins of a condemned, groaning world. What humility was this! It amazed angels. The tongue can never describe it; the imagination can never take it in.GCB February 25, 1895, page 331.14

    But we can take in the blessed fact, and enjoy the benefit of that to all eternity, and God will give us eternity in which to take in the rest.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.1

    “The eternal Word consented to be made flesh. God became man.” He became man; what am I? — A man. What are you? — A man. He became ourselves, and God with him is God with us.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.2

    “But he stepped still lower.” What, still lower than that yet? Yes, sir.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.3

    “The man,” — that is Christ, — “must humble himself as a man.” Because we need to humble ourselves, he not only humbled himself as God, but when he became man, he humbled himself as a man, so that we might humble ourselves to God. He emptied himself as God, and became man; and then as man he humbled himself, that we might humble ourselves. And all that we might be saved! In it is salvation. Shall we not take it, and enjoy it day and night, and be ever just as thankful as a Christian?GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.4

    But he stepped still lower. The man must humble himself as a man to bear insult, reproach, shameful accusations, and abuse. There seemed to be no safe place for him in his own territory. He had to flee from place to place for his life. He was betrayed by one of his disciples; he was denied by one of his most zealous followers. He was mocked; he was crowned with a crown of thorns. He was scourged. He was forced to bear the burden of the cross. He was not insensible to this contempt and ignominy. He submitted, but O, he felt the bitterness as no other being could feel it! He was pure, holy, and undefiled, yet arraigned as a criminal. The adorable Redeemer stepped down from the highest exaltation. Step by step, he humbled himself to die, but what a death! It was the most shameful, the most cruel, — the death on the cross as a malefactor. He did not die as a hero in the eyes of the world, loaded with honors, as men die in battle. He died a condemned criminal, suspended between the heavens and the earth, — died a lingering death of shame, exposed to the revilings and tauntings of a debased, crime-loaded, profligate multitude. “All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head.” Psalm 22:7. He was numbered with the transgressors, and his kinsmen according to the flesh disowned him. His mother beheld his humiliation, and he was forced to see the sword pierce her heart. He endured the cross, despised the shame. He made it of small account in consideration of the results he was working out in behalf of not only the inhabitants of this speck of a world, but the whole universe, — every world which God had created.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.5

    Christ was to die as man’s substitute. Man was a criminal under sentence of death for transgression of the law of God as a traitor, a rebel; hence a substitute for man must die as a malefactor, because he stood in the place of the traitors, with all their treasured sins upon his divine soul. It was not enough that Jesus should die in order to meet the demands of the broken law; but he died a shameful death. The prophet gives to the world his words: “I hid not my face from shame and spitting!”GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.6

    In consideration of this, can men have one particle of self exaltation? As they trace down the life and humiliation and sufferings of Christ, can they lift their proud heads as though they were to bear no shame, no trials, no humiliation? I say to the followers of Christ, Look to Calvary, and blush for shame at your self-important ideas. All this humiliation of the Majesty of heaven was for guilty, condemned man. He went lower and lower in his humiliation, until there were no lower depths he could reach, in order to lift up man from his moral defilement.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.7

    How low down were we, then, when, in order to lift us up from moral defilement, he had to go step by step lower and lower until there were no lower depths he could reach? Think of it and see how low we were! All this was for you who are striving for the supremacy, striving for human praise, for human exaltation, — you who are afraid you will not receive all that praise, all that deference from human minds, that you think is your due! Is this Christ like?GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.8

    Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus. He died to make an atonement, and to be a pattern for every one who would be his disciple. Shall selfishness come into your hearts? and shall those who set not before them the pattern, Jesus, extol your merits? You have none, except as they come through Jesus Christ. Shall pride be harbored after you have seen Deity humbling himself, and then as man debasing himself until as man there were no lower depths to which he could descend? Be astonished, O, ye heavens, and be amazed, O ye inhabitants of the earth, that such returns should be made to your Lord.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.9

    What contempt, what wickedness, what formality, what pride, what efforts made to lift up man and glorify himself, when the Lord of glory humbled himself, agonized, and died the shameful death on the cross in our behalf.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.10

    Who is learning the meekness and lowliness of the pattern? Who is striving earnestly to master self? Who is lifting his cross, and following Jesus? Who is wrestling against self-conceit? Who is setting himself in good earnest and with all his energies to overcome Satanic envyings, jealousies, evil-surmisings, and lasciviousness, cleansing the soul-temple from all defilements, and opening the door of the heart for Jesus to come in? Would that these worlds might have that impression on the mind that all who read them might cultivate the grace of humility, be self-denying, more disposed to esteem others better than themselves, having the mind and spirit of Christ to bear one another’s burdens. O, that we might write deeply on our hearts, as we contemplate the great condescension and humiliation to which the Son of God descended, that we might be partakers of the divine nature.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.11

    Now I read a few lines from the advance pages of the new “Life of Christ.” —GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.12

    In order to carry out the great work of redemption, the Redeemer must take the place of fallen man. Burdened with the sins of the world, he must go over the ground where Adam stumbled. He must take up the work just where Adam failed, and endure a test of the same character, but infinitely more severe than that which had vanquished him. It is impossible for man fully to comprehend Satan’s temptations to our Saviour. Every enticement to evil which men find so difficult to resist, was brought to bear upon the Son of God in as much greater degree as his character was superior to that of fallen man.GCB February 25, 1895, page 332.13

    When Adam was assailed by the tempter, he was without the taint of sin. He stood before God in the strength of perfect manhood, all the organs and faculties of his being fully developed and harmoniously balanced; and he was surrounded with things of beauty, and communed daily with the holy angels. What a contrast to this perfect being did the second Adam present, as he entered the desolate wilderness to cope with Satan. For four thousand years the race had been decreasing in size and physical strength, and deteriorating in moral worth; and in order to elevate fallen man, Christ must reach him where he stood. He assumed human nature, bearing the infirmities and degeneracy of the race. He humiliated himself to the lowest depths of human woe, that he might sympathize with man and rescue him from the degradation into which sin had plunged him.GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.1

    “For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.” Hebrews 2:10. “And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him.” Hebrews 5:9. “Wherefore in all things it behooved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succor them that are tempted.” Hebrews 2:17, 18. “We have not a high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.” Hebrews 4:15.GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.2

    It is true that Christ at one time said of himself, “The prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.” John 14:30. Satan finds in human hearts some point where he can gain a foothold; some sinful desire is cherished, by means of which his temptations assert their power. But he could find nothing in the Son of God that would enable him to gain the victory. Jesus did not consent to sin. Not even by a thought could he be brought to the power of Satan’s temptations. Yet it is written of Christ that he was tempted in all points like as we are. Many hold that from the nature of Christ it was impossible for Satan’s temptations to weaken or overthrow him. Then Christ could not have been placed in Adam’s position, to go over the ground where Adam stumbled and fell; he could not have gained the victory that Adam failed to gain. Unless he was placed in a position as trying as that in which Adam stood, he could not redeem Adam’s failure. If man has in any sense a more trying conflict to endure than had Christ, then Christ is not able to succor him when tempted. Christ took humanity with all its liabilities. He took the nature of man with the possibility of yielding to temptation, and he relied upon divine power to keep him.GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.3

    The union of the divine with the human is one of the most mysterious, as well as the most precious, truths of the plan of redemption. It is of this that Paul speaks when he says, “Without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh.” 1 Timothy 3:16. While it is impossible for finite minds fully to grasp this great truth, or to fathom its significance, we may learn from it lessons of vital importance to us in our struggles against temptation. Christ came to the world to bring divine power to humanity, to make man a partaker of the divine nature.GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.4

    You see, we are on firm ground all the way, so that when it is said that he took our flesh, but still was not a partaker of our passions, it is all straight, it is all correct; because his divine mind never consented to sin. And that mind is brought to us by the Holy Spirit that is freely given unto us.GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.5

    “We know that the Son of God has come, and hath give us a mind;” and “we have the mind of Christ.” “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.6


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    THE President of the Association, Elder Allen Moon, of Washington, D. C., called the meeting to order in the Tabernacle, February 22, 3 P.M. After singing, prayer was offered by Elder H. E. Robinson.GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.7

    A large proportion of all present were found to be members of the Association, and others became members at the meeting.GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.8

    The President’s address to the Association is given in another place.GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.9

    The financial statement as presented is given herewith:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 333.10

    STATEMENT OF RESOURCES AND LIABILITIES From Jan. 1, 1893, to Jan. 1, 1895

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    1893. 1894.
    Bank and Cash $3,478 58 $ 9,146 11
    Inventory Merchandise 2,966 21
    Inventory Office Fixtures 577 20 310 00
    Inventory Property (Plates at 1/2 cost) 219 90
    Accounts Receivable 2,749 22 1,196 71
    Totals $9,986 11 $10,652 82
    Accounts Payable $1,048 41 $ 7,940 35
    Net Worth 8,937 70 2,712 47
    Totals $9,986 11 $10,652 82
    STATEMENT OF LOSS AND GAIN From Jan. 1, 1893, to Jan. 1, 1894

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    1893. 1894. Total 2 years.
    Annual Dues Received $ 2,725 00 $2,257 00 $ 4,982 00
    Donations Received 4,787 92 2,061 70
    Annual Memberships Received 871 00 117 00 988 00
    Merchandise 4,588 47 155 40
    Office Fixtures 418 12 102 87
    Periodicals 4 77
    Religious Liberty Library 565 00 264 08
    Property consisting of Plates 503 66 503 66
    Total Receipts $13,390 51 $3,447 43 $16,837 94
    Net Loss in 1894 5,531 75
    Totals $13,390 51 $8,979 18 $16,837 94
    Chicago Office Expense $ 432 16 $ 55 07 $ 487 23
    Expense 900 89 525 39 1,426 28
    General Expense 2,851 60 756 65 3,608 25
    Office Library Expense 24 00 24 00
    Office Periodicals 22 60 40 77 63 37
    Property or Plates 187 06
    Periodicals 89 85 85 08
    Religious Liberty Library 300 92
    Washington Office 2 75 45 76 48 51
    Donations 2,726 22
    Merchandise 4,433 07
    Office Fixtures 315 25
    Relief Fund for Persecuted 81 00 81 00
    Total Disbursements $ 4,811 83 $8,979 18 $13,791 01
    Net Gain in 1893 8,578 68
    Net Gain in 2 years 3,046 93
    Totals $13,390 51 $8,979 18 $16,837 94

    The item of general expense in the foregoing report is for furnishing the Sentinel to legislators and other public men in territory where our people were not able to supply the paper, and for caring for those who were suffering because of imprisonment for their faith, etc.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.1

    The reason that no amount appears for donations received in the year 1894, but instead is found among the losses for that year, is that during this time we paid over to the International Tract Society $3680.42 of the donations received by us. The reason for this was that it was decided in council last spring that the above amount of our donations really belonged to the International Tract Society, since it was secured to carry forward work that legitimately belongs to the Tract Society.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.2

    At this same time the publishing business formerly carried on by the I. R. L. Association was transferred to the I. T. Society. These considerations will account for the amount of the donations appearing among the losses, and for what appears to be a gain on the Religious Liberty property, and for the loss on merchandise in the year 1894. The amount of donations received during this year was $2543.90.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.3

    L. J. STEINEL, Treas.

    C. P. Bollman was called upon to speak of the work of the American Sentinel. He felt encouraged at the increasing interest in the Sentinel, and the efforts made for its assistance, and could see the interest deepening in many directions. Other papers are copying quite largely from the Sentinel, showing they appreciate the principles advocated.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.4

    A large number of conferences have accepted the proposition of the publishers to send the Sentinel to State legislators and officers; and it is now going to over three thousand of these public officers.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.5

    H. E. Robinson spoke of proposed legislation in Delaware imposing a fine of one hundred dollars for Sunday labor. A representative of the Association had been dispatched to Wilmington, Del., and a telegram had just been received from him stating that the Sunday amendment clause had been defeated.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.6

    A. O. Tait stated that word had just been received from Switzerland that the authorities were again looking for Elder Holser, to arrest him because the office there is open on Sunday. The spirit of Sunday laws is in the air.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.7

    W. B. White stated that in Nebraska a Sunday bill had passed its first reading before they knew that it had been introduced. When it came up the second time, a member of the legislature who had been reading the American Sentinel, arose to speak against the bill. A gentleman who was present said he never heard such an argument and such a rebuke against the whole procedure. He moved and secured an indefinite postponement of the bill.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.8

    D. A. Robinson said he had just received letters from the acting manager of the London Publishing House stating that he and three of the employees — two ladies and a boy — had been called before the court to answer the charge of Sunday labor. It was stated by the Inspector that there was an exemption in favor of the Jews, under which the London office could do business on Sunday if they would say they were Jews, “out,” said he, “you say that you are Christians.” The defendant turned to the judge and said, “Then, your Honor, you are prosecuting us because we are Christians.” “Christians or no Christians,” replied the judge, “the law must be obeyed.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.9

    L. B. Losey, of Minneapolis, stated that a Sunday bill had been introduced in the Minnesota legislature, and that a vigorous protest is being inaugurated by the representative of our Association.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.10

    J. H. Morrison said that a Sunday bill had been introduced in the legislature of Montana, and that a senator of that State who opposed the Sunday bills in Congress, closing the World’s Fair, appeared with our representative before the committee to oppose the Montana bill. He made an excellent argument, drawing many facts from the book, “American State Papers.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.11

    Sunday bills have also been introduced in the Missouri and Michigan legislatures.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.12

    On motion of C. L. Boyd, the following committees were appointed by the chair:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.13

    Committee on Nominations — G. A. Irwin, D. T. Jones, A. J. Breed.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.14

    On Resolutions — H. P. Holser, A. O. Tait, C. P. Bollman.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.15

    Adjourned to call of Chair.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.16


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    [THIS article consists of an abstract of two addresses by Allen Moon, President of the International Religious Liberty Association, — one delivered in the Tabernacle Thursday evening, Feb.21, and the other before the Association on the following day. — ED.]GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.17

    The Religious Liberty Association was organized in July, 1889, and the object of the Association was declared to be “to protect the rights of conscience; to maintain a total separation between religion and the civil government; and by means of the platform and the press to educate the public mind on the relations that should exist between the Church and the State.” As you will readily see, the Association laid out for itself a stupendous work, one of the most noble ever entered upon by man; but we have scarcely entered upon the work undertaken by us six years ago. However, a beginning has been made.GCB February 25, 1895, page 334.18

    There have been many important developments along the lines of the religious liberty work since our closing meeting at the time of the last General Conference. It has been the object and work of this Association to defend those whose promulgation and practice of the true principles of religious liberty have brought them into conflict with the laws, not only by means of publications advocating the principles of religious liberty, but also by extending financial aid to those who have been imprisoned where such assistance was necessary, which has been in a number of cases. The families of the imprisoned have been cared for.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.1

    You are all more or less familiar with the cases of persecution that have arisen, as we have endeavored to keep our people well informed in regard to them. Within the past two years, in the States of Tennessee, Maryland, and Georgia there have been at least ten of our brethren placed in jail for Sunday labor. The entire time of all these behind prison bars, including the imprisonment of Brother Holser, is over one year. Nine or ten cases have been dismissed, or the defendants acquitted, or the fines imposed were paid by others.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.2

    Several cases are awaiting the action of the courts. One at least in Florida and one in Massachusetts, quite a number in Switzerland, one in Arkansas, and a large number of persons in Tennessee, are under indictment, and their cases may come up at any time. Manitoba has five or six cases pending.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.3

    Through the work of our Association the cases of Brethren Capps, of Tennessee, and Holser, of Switzerland, were brought prominently before the public in this country. We sent letters to 15,000 newspapers in the United States and Canada, giving some of the particulars of these cases, and our efforts were rewarded by many responses from the press throughout the country. Some of the editors sent us marked copies of their papers containing their articles, and others were sent us through the kindness of our people or friends. Of the thirty-five different papers that came to us commenting upon the case of Brother Capps, twenty-nine were favorable and only six unfavorable, and three of these six are published in Canada.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.4

    Perhaps you are aware that a fund was raised by the American Hebrew, a Jewish paper of New York City, with which to pay the fine of Brother Capps, and through the efforts of this paper and the Plainfield Press, of New Jersey, which also raised some money, Brother Capps was liberated after an imprisonment of ninety-seven days. The New York Examiner also contained the following:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.5

    In my opinion, the action against Mr. Capps is a thorough violation of religious liberty, and a disgrace to the State of Tennessee.... I sincerely hope that there will be 200 people who will send either to me or to the International Religious Liberty Association, Battle Creek, Mich., $1 apiece (or more) to secure his release, and the margin to go toward the relief of his family.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.6

    The Register, of Sandusky, Ohio, gave several articles in regard to the case, as did a number of other papers, and in one it remarked as follows of Brother Capps:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.7

    The fact that he worked on Sunday could in no way interfere with the rights of his neighbors. It was a violation of no principle on which our Constitution is founded. It is as vicious a law as any blue law ever passed in the State of Connecticut in the days of the colonists.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.8

    The Four Corners, of Wheatland, Cal., said:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.9

    The governor of that State, if he ever has pardoned a victim of persecution, should pardon this victim, Capps, and Tennessee should be ignored as a State as long as a single law stands unrepealed that makes such a case of persecution as this one possible.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.10

    The Times-Democrat, of New Orleans, said:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.11

    The imprisoned Tennessean’s fine should be raised by citizens of Tennessee and of the Southern States, who disapprove this medieval persecution of which he is the victim, with a view of liberating the man and enabling him to provide for the maintenance of his family. A dollar apiece from 110 charitable people would be all that would be required to effect this object; and unless we mistake greatly, there are many times that number of people among the readers of the Times-Democrat alone who would be glad to contribute a dollar each from their superfluous coin, merely to mark their disapproval of such unchristian tyranny.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.12

    Is it a part of Christianity to compel a man to observe a day that he believes is not commanded by the Bible? Is it not religious persecution and fanaticism to fine and imprison a man for working on this day? This smacks of the Inquisition.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.13

    No man owes obedience to the laws of his country when the laws are antagonistic to the teachings of the Bible.... The churches are striving to have laws enacted that will compel men to keep Sunday, as they do. Such laws will subvert our democracy, and raise in its stead a pretended theocracy; and such a theocracy would speedily light the fires of persecution in every village and hamlet in our land.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.14

    It is plain that members of the Religious Liberty Association are not the only ones who see the dangers threatening our land. It is also plain to see that God has agencies that, at the touch of his divine hand, will hold aloft the banner of truth, when the great majority are trampling it in the dust. When the voice of the multitude is shouting, “Great is the Sunday of the papacy,” another voice will be heard exalting the truth of God.GCB February 25, 1895, page 335.15

    The Religious Liberty Association also sent out 7000 letters to the newspapers of this country in regard to the case of Brother Holser; and even a larger number of them have come to our notice, with comments upon the case. The great majority is again upon the side of religious liberty, and the condemnation of laws which make such persecutions possible are some of them very severe. Many extracts from these articles have appeared in the American Sentinel, and have been read by you all. We have received a number of letters from editors who have learned of our work through the publicity given to the persecution of Elder Holser.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.1

    One editor, in a personal letter, mentions his paper, and says, “It is just a general newspaper; but I hope it is in accord with the word; if not, I shall have much to answer for.... The Bible says only one thing, so one of us is mistaking it ... Your hope is in instructing men in the Bible.”GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.2

    Such men will sooner or later find the truth of the Bible upon the question which is causing so much religious persecution.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.3

    Another editor wrote us as follows:—GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.4

    Your note ... to hand. Thanks, especially for the statement that our paper contains things which will be valuable to you in your work. Now, I want to ask, in what way can I aid you in the project you are promoting? I am radical on the subject of religious liberty.... What constitutes membership (in your Association)? and what literature is accessible to me, to enable me to aid you?GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.5

    I might give other valuable extracts from a number of newspapers; but I believe these are sufficient to show that a large number of newspaper men are awake to the spirit of bigotry and intolerance that is abroad in the land, particularly upon the Sunday question; and that they will yet render valuable assistance in the promulgation of the principles of religious liberty in our country.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.6

    Since our last meeting, the Association has furnished each member of the present Congress with a copy of “Two Republics,” and in addition to this we have been furnishing them regularly with the American Sentinel. Other literature has also been furnished as occasion seemed to demand. The Vice-president, and quite a number of members of Congress, acknowledged the receipt of “Two Republics,” and expressed appreciation of the same.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.7

    To our personal knowledge the Sentinel has been read extensively, and there are but few members that are not well acquainted with the principles set forth in that paper. Of course these principles are not endorsed by all.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.8

    The failure on the part of the National Reformers to secure action on their religious measures is no doubt largely due to the fact that the attention of the members had been called to the principles of religious liberty through the efforts of our Association. It is a fact well known to us that the majority of each of the committees now having religious bills in charge is opposed to their passage, and for this reason none of them have been favorably reported to Congress.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.9

    The Commissioners of the District of Columbia, who had in charge the District Sunday bill for some time, finally made an unfavorable report. These gentlemen were visited, and had an opportunity to study the principles involved in the measure, from literature placed in their hands.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.10

    Thus our work in Congress and in the District is an educational work, and each new Congress brings a new class of men; and each change of administration affords us a new opportunity to labor with the first men of the land, in the interest of the principles of the gospel, and those upon which our government was established.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.11

    It has occurred to us during the last two years that our work in the national Congress is only a small part of the work that should be accomplished along this line. When the Constitutional amendment was introduced last winter, and the National Reformers came in large force to advocate its passage, it appeared to us that if sufficient influence should be brought to bear upon Congress to secure a passage of the resolutions submitting an amendment to the legislature of the different States, we would be totally unprepared to meet the issue, and do the work that ought to be done before the legislatures, — that is, the giving of every member in the legislatures of the forty-four or more States an opportunity to become intelligent on these principles that have been in a large measure lost sight of by the people of this generation through the scramble of greed for riches and honor. As we have thought of this question, it has seemed to us that it is none too early for us to begin preparation for this work, and that we ought to have those in training in every State to do the work of meeting these men, conversing with them, and furnishing them with proper literature; and in case an emergency arises, to appear before committees to oppose measures of a religious character that may be introduced — not because they take away our liberties, but because they are wrong, and contrary to the true principle.GCB February 25, 1895, page 336.12

    We may satisfy ourselves that the Lord will open the way for us when we are brought before courts for Christ’s sake, but this is not sufficient. We should be in a position to bring these principles before the judges and lawyers of the land, as well as before men that are drawn upon juries, that they may have an opportunity at least to become familiar with the principles of right and justice; and then when our people are brought before courts and are allowed to make defense in their own behalf, courts and juries will have no excuse if a decision is rendered that is not in harmony with that which is right. And we will have cleared ourselves from any responsibility that would rest upon us.GCB February 25, 1895, page 337.1

    I desire to emphasize this matter and to urge as an item for future work for the Association that we begin at once the training of men to labor in every State and Territory in this Union, whether there is any immediate prospect of religious legislation or not. We know from the sure word of prophecy that these things are coming, and coming very soon; and we have none too much time to prepare to do the work that the Lord requires at our hands.GCB February 25, 1895, page 337.2

    In Revelation 10:9-11 we have the record that, after the first and second angel’s messages had been given to the world, “Thou must prophecy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.” In this country the people are sovereign; and we have many sovereign States, and these, I believe, are included among the nations and kings before whom the last message is to be given. And that message is the message of the gospel; so the nations are to be warned against the worship of the beast or his image.GCB February 25, 1895, page 337.3

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