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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

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    OVERFLOW, v.t.

    1. To spread over, as water; to inundate; to cover with water or other fluid.NWAD OVERFLOW.2

    2. To fill beyond the brim.NWAD OVERFLOW.3

    3. To deluge; to overwhelm; to cover, as with numbers.NWAD OVERFLOW.4

    The northern nations overflowed all christendom.NWAD OVERFLOW.5

    OVERFLOW, v.i.

    1. To run over; to swell and run over the brim or banks.NWAD OVERFLOW.7

    2. To be abundant; to abound; to exuberate; as overflowing plenty.NWAD OVERFLOW.8

    OVERFLOW, n. An inundation; also, superabundance.

    OVERFLOWING, ppr. Spreading over, as a fluid; inundating; running over the brim or banks.

    OVERFLOWING, a. Abundant; copious; exuberant.
    OVERFLOWING, n. Exuberance; copiousness.

    OVERFLOWINGLY, adv. Exuberantly; in great abundance.

    OVERFLUSH, v.t. To flush to excess.


    1. Flushed to excess; reddened to excess.NWAD OVERFLUSHED.2

    2. Elated to excess.NWAD OVERFLUSHED.3

    OVERFLY, v.t. To pass over or cross by flight.

    OVERFORWARD, a. Forward to excess.

    OVERFORWARDNESS, a. Too great forwardness or readiness; officiousness.

    OVERFREIGHT, v.t. overfra’te. [See Freight.]

    To load too heavily; to fill with too great quantity or numbers; as, to overfreight a boat.NWAD OVERFREIGHT.2

    OVERFRUITFUL, a. Too rich; producing superabundant crops.

    OVERGET, v.t. To reach; to overtake. [Not used.]

    OVERGILD, v.t. To gild over; to varnish.

    OVERGIRD, v.t. To gird or bind too closely.

    OVERGLANCE, v.t. To glance over; to run over with the eye.

    OVERGO, v.t.

    1. To exceed; to surpass.NWAD OVERGO.2

    2. To cover. [Not used.]NWAD OVERGO.3

    OVERGONE, pp. overgawn’. Injured; ruined.

    OVERGORGE, v.t. overgorj’. To gorge to excess.

    OVERGRASSED, pp. Overstocked with grass; overgrown with grass.

    OVERGREAT, a. Too great.

    OVERGROW, v.t.

    1. To cover with growth or herbage.NWAD OVERGROW.2

    2. To grow beyond; to rise above.NWAD OVERGROW.3

    OVERGROW, v.i. To grow beyond the fit or natural size; as a hugh overgrown ox.

    OVERGROWTH, n. Exuberant or excessive growth.

    OVERHALE. [See Overhaul.]

    OVERHANDLE, v.t. To handle too much; to mention too often.

    OVERHANG, v.t.

    1. To impend or hang over.NWAD OVERHANG.2

    2. To jut or project over.NWAD OVERHANG.3

    OVERHANG, v.i. To jut over.

    OVERHARDEN, v.t. To harden too much; to make too hard.

    OVERHASTILY, adv. In too much haste.

    OVERHASTINESS, n. Too much haste; percipitation.

    OVERHASTY, a. Too hasty; precipitate.

    OVERHAUL, v.t.

    1. To spread over.NWAD OVERHAUL.2

    2. To turn over for examination; to separate and inspect.NWAD OVERHAUL.3

    3. To draw over.NWAD OVERHAUL.4

    4. To examine again.NWAD OVERHAUL.5

    5. To gain upon in a chase; to overtake.NWAD OVERHAUL.6

    OVERHEAD, adv. overhed’. Aloft; above; in the zenith or ceiling.

    OVERHEAR, v.t. To hear by accident; to hear what is not addressed to the hearer, or not intended to be heard by him.

    OVERHEARD, pp. Heard by accident.

    OVERHEAT, v.t. To heat to excess.

    OVERHELE, v.t. To cover over. [Not used.]

    OVERHEND, v.t. To overtake. [Not used.]

    OVERJOY, v.t. To give great joy to; to transport with gladness.

    OVERJOY, n. Joy to excess; transport.

    OVERLABOR, v.t.

    1. To harass with toil.NWAD OVERLABOR.2

    2. To execute with too much care.NWAD OVERLABOR.3

    OVERLADE, v.t. To load with too great a cargo or other burden.

    OVERLADEN, pp. Overburdened; loaded to excess.

    OVERLAID, pp. [See Overlay.] Oppressed with weight; smothered; covered over.

    OVERLARGE, a. Too large; too great.

    OVERLARGENESS, n. Excess of size.

    OVERLASH, v.i.

    1. To exaggerate. [Little used.]NWAD OVERLASH.2

    2. To proceed to excess. [Little used.]NWAD OVERLASH.3

    OVERLAY, v.t.

    1. To lay too much upon; to oppress with incumbent weight; as a country overlaid with inhabitants.NWAD OVERLAY.2

    Our sins have overlaid our hopes.NWAD OVERLAY.3

    2. To cover to spread over the surface; as, to overlay capitals of columns with silver; cedar overlaid with gold.NWAD OVERLAY.4

    3. To smother with close covering; as, to overlay an infant.NWAD OVERLAY.5

    4. To overwhelm; to smother.NWAD OVERLAY.6

    A heap of ashes that o’er lays your fire.NWAD OVERLAY.7

    5. To cloud; to overcast.NWAD OVERLAY.8

    - As when a cloud his beam doth overlay.NWAD OVERLAY.9

    6. To cover; to join two opposite sides by a cover.NWAD OVERLAY.10

    And overlay with this portentous bridge the dark abyss.NWAD OVERLAY.11

    OVERLAYING, n. A superficial covering. Exodus 38:17, 19.

    OVERLEAP, v.t. To leap over; to pass or move from side to side by leaping; as, to overleap a ditch or a fence.

    OVERLEATHER, OVERLETHER, n. The leather which forms or is intended to form the upper part of a shoe; that which is over the foot. [With us, this is called upper leather.]

    OVERLEAVEN, v.t. overlev’n.

    1. To leaven too much; to cause to rise and swell too much.NWAD OVERLEAVEN.2

    2. To mix too much with; to corrupt.NWAD OVERLEAVEN.3

    OVERLIBERAL, a. Too liberal; too free; abundant to excess; as overliberal diet.

    OVERLIGHT, n. Too strong a light.

    OVERLIVE, v.t. overliv’. To outlive; to live longer than another; to survive. [We generally use outlive.]

    OVERLIVE, v.i. overliv’. To live too long.

    OVERLIVER, n. One that lives longest; a survivor.

    OVERLOAD, v.t. To load with too heavy a burden or cargo; to fill to excess; as, to overload the stomach or a vehicle.

    OVERLONG, a. Too long.

    OVERLOOK, v.t.

    1. To view from a higher place; applied to persons; as, to stand on a hill and overlook a city.NWAD OVERLOOK.2

    2. To stand in a more elevated place, or to rise so high as to afford the means of looking down on; applied to things. The tower overlooked the town.NWAD OVERLOOK.3

    3. To see from behind or over the shoulder of another; to see from a higher position; as, to overlook a paper when one is writing.NWAD OVERLOOK.4

    4. To view fully; to peruse.NWAD OVERLOOK.5

    5. To inspect; to superintend; to oversee; implying care and watchfulness.NWAD OVERLOOK.6

    He was present in person to overlook the magistrates.NWAD OVERLOOK.7

    6. To review; to examine a second time or with care.NWAD OVERLOOK.8

    The time and care that are required to overlook, and file and polish well.NWAD OVERLOOK.9

    7. To pass by indulgently; to excuse; not to punish or censure; as, to overlook faults.NWAD OVERLOOK.10

    8. To neglect; to slight.NWAD OVERLOOK.11

    They overlook truth in the judgment they pass on adversity and prosperity.NWAD OVERLOOK.12

    OVERLOOKER, n. One that overlooks.

    OVERLOOP, now written orlop, which see.

    OVERLOVE, v.t. To love to excess; to prize or value too much.

    OVERLY, a. Careless; negligent; inattentive. [Not used.]

    OVERMAST, v.t. To furnish with a mast or with masts that are too long or too heavy for the weight of keel.

    OVERMASTED, pp. Having masts too long or too heavy for the ship.

    OVERMASTER, v.t. To overpower; to subdue; to vanquish; to govern.

    OVERMATCH, v.t. To be too powerful for; to conquer; to subdue; to oppress by superior force.

    OVERMATCH, n. One superior in power; one able to overcome.

    OVERMEASURE, v.t. overmezh’ur. To measure or estimate too largely.

    OVERMEASURE, n. overmezh’ur. Excess of measure; something that exceeds the measure proposed.

    OVERMIX, v.t. To mix with too much.

    OVERMODEST, a. Modest to excess; bashful.

    OVERMOST, a. Highest; over the rest in authority.

    OVERMUCH, a. Too much; exceeding what is necessary or proper.

    OVERMUCH, adv. In too great a degree.
    OVERMUCH, n. More than sufficient.

    OVERMUCHNESS, n. Superabundance. [Not used and barbarous.]

    OVERMULTITUDE, v.t. To exceed in number. [Not used.]

    OVERNAME, v.t. To name over or in a series. [Not used.]

    OVERNEAT, a. Excessively neat.

    OVERNIGHT, n. Night before bed-time. [See Over, prep.]

    OVERNOISE, v.t. overnoiz’. To overpower by noise.

    OVEROFFENDED, a. Offended to excess.

    OVEROFFICE, v.t. To lord by virtue of an office. [Not used.]

    OVEROFFICIOUS, a. Too busy; too ready to intermeddle; too importunate.

    OVERPAINT, v.t. To color or describe too strongly.

    OVERPASS, v.t.

    1. To cross; to go over.NWAD OVERPASS.2

    2. To overlook; to pass without regard.NWAD OVERPASS.3

    3. To omit, as in reckoning.NWAD OVERPASS.4

    4. To omit; not to receive or include.NWAD OVERPASS.5

    OVERPASSED, OVERPAST, pp. Passed by; passed away; gone; past.

    OVERPAY, v.t.

    1. To pay too much or more than is due.NWAD OVERPAY.2

    2. To reward beyond the price or merit.NWAD OVERPAY.3

    OVERPEER, v.t. To overlook; to hover over. [Not used.]

    OVERPEOPLE, v.t. To overstock with inhabitants.

    OVERPERCH, v.t. To perch over or above; to fly over.

    OVERPERSUADE, v.t. To persuade or influence against one’s inclination or opinion.

    OVERPICTURE, v.t. To exceed the representation or picture.

    OVERPLUS, n. [over and L. plus, more.]

    Surplus; that which remains after a supply, or beyond a quantity proposed. Take what is wanted and return the overplus.NWAD OVERPLUS.2

    It would look like a fable to report that this gentleman gives away all which is the overplus of a great fortune.NWAD OVERPLUS.3

    OVERPLY, v.t. To ply to excess; to exert with too much vigor.

    OVERPOISE, v.t. overpoiz’. To outweigh.

    OVERPOISE, n. overpoiz’. Preponderant weight.

    OVERPOLISH, v.t. To polish too much.

    OVERPONDEROUS, a. To heavy; too depressing.

    OVERPOST, v.t. To hasten over quickly.

    OVERPOWER, v.t.

    1. To affect with a power or force that cannot be borne; as, the light overpowers the eyes.NWAD OVERPOWER.2

    2. To vanquish by force; to subdue; to reduce to silence in action or submission; to defeat.NWAD OVERPOWER.3

    OVERPRESS, v.t.

    1. To bear upon with irresistible force; to crush; to overwhelm.NWAD OVERPRESS.2

    2. To overcome by importunity.NWAD OVERPRESS.3

    OVERPRIZE, v.t. To value or prize at too high a rate.

    OVERPROMPT, a. Too prompt; too ready or eager.

    OVERPROMPTNESS, n. Excessive promptness; precipitation.

    OVERPROPORTION, v.t. To make of too great proportion.

    OVERQUIETNESS, n. Too much quietness.

    OVERRAKE, v.t. To break in upon a ship. When the waves break in upon a ship riding at anchor, it is said, they overrake her, or she is overraked.

    OVERRANK, a. Too rank or luxuriant.

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